Years ago Yahva sent Jeremiah with a message about a promise for the people of Israel. In the first year that Cyrus was king of Persia, Yahva kept his promise by telling Cyrus to send this official message to all parts of his kingdom:
I am King Cyrus of Persia.
The God of heaven, who is also the God of Israel, has made me the ruler of all nations on earth. He has chosen me to build a temple for him in Jerusalem in Judah. God will watch over and encourage any of his people who want to return to Jerusalem to rebuild the temple.
Everyone else must provide what is needed. They must give money, supplies, and animals, as well as gifts for rebuilding God's temple.
|Yeshua and Joab from Pahath in Moab||2,812|
|Ater, also known as Hezekiah||98|
|Kiriatharim, Chephirah, and Beeroth||743|
|Ramah and Geba||621|
|Bethel and Ai||223|
|The other Elam||1,254|
|Lod, Hadid, and Ono||725|
These men were in charge of the returnees.
These are descendants of the families
of temple workers who returned:
These are descendants of Solomon's servants who returned:
Many people believed that Yahva wanted them to help rebuild his temple so they made plans to go to Jerusalem. Among them were priests, Levites, and leaders of the tribes of Judah and Benjamin. The others helped by giving silver, gold, personal possessions, cattle, and other valuable gifts, as well as offerings for the temple.
King Cyrus ordered returned of the articles that Nebuchadnezzar had taken from the temple in Jerusalem and had put in the temples of his gods. Cyrus placed Mithredath, his chief treasurer, in charge of these things. He tabulated them and gave the list to Sheshbazzar, governor of Judah. Among them were: 30 large gold dishes, 1,000 large silver dishes, 29 other dishes, 30 gold bowls, 410 silver bowls, and 1,000 other articles.
Altogether, there were 5,400 gold and silver dishes; bowls, and other articles. Sheshbazzar took them with him when he and the others returned to Jerusalem from Babylonia.
When King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylonia captured Judah he took many people as prisoners to Babylonia. Now they were returning to Jerusalem and to their own towns everywhere in Judah.
Returnees included many priests from Levite families 973 descendants of Yeshua from the family of Jedaiah: 1,052 from Immer, 1,247 from Pashhur, and 1,017 from Harim.
Returnees from other Levites families include: 74 descendants of Hodaviah from the families of Yeshua and Kadmiel; 128 descendants of Asaph from the temple musicians; and 139 descendants of Shallum, Ater, Talmon, Akkub, Hatita, and Shobai from the temple guards.
A total of 392 descendants of temple workers or Solomon's servants returned.
There were 652 who returned from the families of Delaiah, Tobiah, and Nekoda, although they could not prove that they were Israelites. They had lived in the Babylonian towns of Tel-Melah, Tel-Harsha, Cherub, Addan, and Immer.
The families of Habaiah, Hakkoz, and Barzillai could not prove that they were priests. The ancestor of the family of Barzillai had married the daughter of Barzillai from Gilead and had taken his wife's family name. But the records of these three families could not be found so none of them were allowed to serve as priests. In fact, the governor told them; “You cannot eat the food offered to Yahva until we find out if you really are priests.”
In total, 42,360 returned, plus 7,337 slaves and 200 musicians; both women and men. They brought with them 736 horses, 245 mules, 435 camels, and 6,720 donkeys.
When the people came to the site of Yahva's temple in Jerusalem, some of the family leaders gave gifts to rebuild in the same place. They gave all they could: 61,000 darics of gold 5,000 minas of silver, and 100 robes for the priests.
Everyone returned to the towns from which their families had come: priests, Levites, musicians, temple guards, and workers.
During the seventh month of the year, the Israelites who had settled in their towns went to Jerusalem. The priest Yeshua son of Jozadak, together with the other priests, and Zerubbabel son of Shealtiel and his relatives rebuilt the altar of Yahva. Then they were able to offer sacrifices by following the instructions Yahva had given to Moses. They built the altar where it had stood before, even though they were afraid of the people living around them. Every morning and evening they burned sacrifices and offerings to Yahva.
The people followed the rules for celebrating the festival of huts and offered the proper sacrifices each day. They offered sacrifices to please Yahva, sacrifices at each new moon festival, and sacrifices at the rest of the Yahva's festivals. Every offering the people had brought voluntarily was also presented to Yahva.
Although work on the temple itself had not yet begun, the people started offering sacrifices on the altar on the first day of the seventh month of that year.
King Cyrus of Persia had said the Israelites could have cedar trees brought from Lebanon to Joppa by sea. They sent grain, wine, and olive oil to the cities Tyre and Sidon as payment for these trees, and gave money for the stoneworkers and carpenters.
During the second month of the second year after the people had returned from Babylonia, they started rebuilding Yahva's temple. Zerubbabel son of Shealtiel, Yeshua son of Jozadak, priests, Levites, and everyone else who returned started working. Every Levite over 20 years of age was put in charge of some part of the work. The Levites in charge of the whole project were Yeshua, his sons and relatives; and Kadmiel and his sons from the family of Hodaviah. The family of Henadad worked with them.
When the builders had finished laying the foundation of the temple, the priests put on their robes and blew trumpets in honor of Yahva while the Levites from the Asaph family praised Yahva with cymbals. All of them followed the instructions given years before by King David. They praised Yahva and gave thanks as they took turns singing:
Yahva is good!
His faithful love for Israel
Will last forever.
Everyone started shouting and praising Yahva because work on the foundation of the temple had begun. Many of the older priests, Levites and heads of families wept bitterly because they remembered seeing the first temple. Others were so happy that they celebrated with joyful shouts. Their shouting and crying were so noisy that it all sounded alike and could be heard far away.
The enemies of the tribes of Judah and Benjamin heard that the people had come to rebuild Yahva’s temple. They went to Zerubbabel and the family leaders saying, “Let us help! Ever since King Esarhaddon of Assyria brought us here, we have worshiped Yahva and offered sacrifices to him.” But Zerubbabel, Yeshua, and the family leaders answered, “You cannot take part in building Yahva’s temple! We will build it ourselves, as King Cyrus of Persia ordered.”
The neighboring people attempted to frighten the Judeans and make them stop building. During the time that Cyrus was king and even until Darius became king, they kept bribing government officials to slow the work. In the first year that Xerxes was king, the neighboring people brought written charges against the Judeans and Jerusalem.
Later, Bishlam, Mithredath, Tabeel, and their advisors collaborated on a letter to Artaxerxes when he was then king of Persia. It was written in Aramaic and had to be translated.
A letter was also written to Artaxerxes about Jerusalem by Governor Rehum, Secretary Shimshai, and their advisors; including the judges, governors, officials, and local leaders. They were united in writing this letter by people from Erech and Babylonia; the Elamites from Susa; and people from other foreign nations that Ashurbanipal had forced to settle in Samaria and other parts of Western Province.
This letter said:
Your Majesty, King Artaxerxes, your servants for the Western Province send you greetings.
You should know that the Judeans who left your country have moved back to Jerusalem and are now rebuilding that rebellious city. In fact, they have almost finished rebuilding the walls and repairing the foundations. You should also know that if the walls are completed and the city is rebuilt, the Judeans will avoid all taxes, reducing the money in your treasury.
We tell you this because you have done so much for us and we want everyone to honor you. If you look up the official records of your ancestors, you will find that Jerusalem has constantly rebelled and has led others to rebel against kings and provinces. That's why the city was destroyed. If Jerusalem is rebuilt and its walls completed, you will no longer have control over Western Province.
King Artaxerxes answered:
Greetings to Governor Rehum, Secretary Shimshai, and to your advisors in Samaria and other parts of Western Province.
After your letter was translated and read to me, I had the old records checked. It is true that for years Jerusalem has rebelled and caused trouble for other kings and nations. Powerful kings have ruled Western Province from Jerusalem and have collected all kinds of taxes.
I want you to command the people to stop rebuilding the city until I give further notice. Do this at once, so that no harm will come to the kingdom.
When this letter was read, Governor Rehum, Secretary Shimshai, and their advisors went to Jerusalem and forced everyone to stop rebuilding the city. The Judeans were forced to stop work on the temple and were not able to do any more building until the year after Darius became king of Persia.
Then Yahva, God of Israel, sent the prophets Haggai and Zechariah to speak in his name to the people of Judah and Jerusalem, which they did. Zerubbabel, the governor, and Yeshua urged the people to start working on the temple again as the prophets encouraged.
Governor Tattenai and his assistant, Shethar Bozenai, met with some of their officials. They went to Jerusalem and asked the people; “Who told you to rebuild this temple? Give us the names of the workers!” But Yahva protected the Judean leaders. The governor and his group decided to report to Darius and await his orders before stopping the work on the temple.
Governor Tattenai, Shethar Bozenai, and their advisors sent a report to Darius.
King Darius, we wish you the best!
We went to Judah, where a temple of their God is being built with huge stones and wooden beams set in the walls. Everyone is working hard, and the building is going up quickly.
We asked those in charge to tell us who gave them permission to rebuild the temple. We also asked for the names of their leaders, so that we could send them to you.
They claim to be servants of Yahva who rules heaven and earth. They say they were rebuilding the temple that was built long ago by one of Israel's greatest kings.
We were told that their people had made their God angry, so he let them be captured by Nebuchadnezzar, the Babylonian king, who took them away as captives to Babylonia. Nebuchadnezzar tore down their temple, took its gold and silver articles, and put them in the temple of his own god in Babylon.
They also said that during the first regnal year of King Cyrus, he gave orders for Yahva's temple to be rebuilt in Jerusalem where it stood before. Cyrus appointed Sheshbazzar governor of Judah and sent these gold and silver articles for him to put in the temple. Sheshbazzar then went to Jerusalem and laid the foundation for the temple. The work is still going on.
May your Majesty, please order someone to look up the old records in Babylonia to discover if Cyrus really gave orders to rebuild this temple. We will do as you wish.
King Darius ordered that the old records kept in Babylonia be searched. Finally, a scroll was found in Ecbatana, the capital of Media Province.
This official record shows that in his first regnal year Cyrus gave orders to rebuild Yahva's temple in Jerusalem so that sacrifices and offerings could be presented there. It is to be built 27 meters high and 27 meters wide, with one row of wooden beams for each three rows of large stones. The royal treasury will pay for everything. Then the gold and silver articles that Nebuchadnezzar took from the temple are to be returned to their proper places.
King Darius sent this message.
Governor Tattenai of Western Province and Shethar Bozenai: You and your advisors must not interfere with the temple construction. Let the Judean governor and leaders rebuild it where it previously stood. Do delay them!
Starting at once, I am ordering you to help the leaders by paying their expenses from the tax money collected in the Western Province. Let the priests in Jerusalem have whatever they need so they can offer sacrifices to the God of heaven. Bring to them; young bulls, rams, sheep, as well as wheat, salt, wine, and olive oil. I want them to be able to offer pleasing sacrifices to their God; and to pray for me and my family.
If any of you fail to obey this order, a wooden beam will be taken from your house and sharpened on one end. Then it will be driven through your body. Your house will be torn down and turned into a waste dump. May the God worshiped in Jerusalem destroy any king or nation who ignores my decree, or attempts to destroy this temple.
I, Darius, give these orders. They shall be followed explicitly.
Governor Tattenai, Shethar Bozenai, and their advisors carefully obeyed King Darius. With great enthusiasm, the Judean leaders continued working on the temple, while Haggai and Zechariah encouraged them by their preaching. The temple was completed as command by Yahva and the orders of kings Cyrus, Darius, and Artaxerxes of Persia. On the third day of the month of Adar in the sixth regnal year of Darius, the temple was finished.
The people of Israel, the priests, the Levites, and everyone else who had returned from exile were celebrated as they dedicated Yahva's temple. One hundred bulls, two hundred rams, and four hundred lambs were offered as sacrifices at the dedication. Also twelve goats were sacrificed as sin offerings for the twelve tribes of Israel. Then the priests and Levites were assigned their duties in Yavha's temple in Jerusalem, according to the instructions Moses had written.
Everyone who had returned from exile celebrated passover on the fourteenth day of the first month. The priests and Levites had gone through the rites consecrating themselves as priests to lead worship. Some of them sacrificed passover lambs for those who had returned including the other priests and themselves.
The sacrifices were eaten by the Israelites who had returned and by the neighboring people who had ceased the sinful customs of other nations to worship Yahva. For seven days they celebrated the festival of unleavened bread. Everyone was happy because Yahva had ensured that the king of Babylonia would aid them in them building the temple.
Much later, when Artaxerxes was king of Persia, Ezra came to Jerusalem from Babylonia. Ezra was the son of Seraiah and the grandson of Azariah. His other ancestors included Hilkiah, Shallum, Zadok, Ahitub, Amariah, Azariah, Meraioth, Zerahiah, Uzzi, Bukki, Abishua, Phinehas, Eleazar, and Aaron, the high priest.
Ezra was an expert in the laws that Yahva had given to Moses. Yahva influenced the king to give Ezra everything he requested.
During the seventh regnal year of Artaxerxes; other Judeans, including priests, Levites, musicians, temple guards, and slaves, came to Jerusalem with Ezra. With the aid of Yahva, Ezra arrived in Jerusalem on the first day of the fifth month of that seventh year after leaving Babylonia on the first day of the first month.
Ezra had spent his entire life studying and obeying Yavha’s Law and teaching it to others. Ezra was a priest and an adept in the laws and commands that Yahva had given to Israel. One day King Artaxerxes gave Ezra a letter which said:
Greetings from the great King Artaxerxes to Ezra the priest and adept in the teachings of the God of heaven.
Any of the people of Israel, their priests or Levites in my kingdom may go with you to Jerusalem. My seven advisors and I agree that you may go to Jerusalem and Judah to find if the laws of your God are being obeyed.
When you go, take the silver and gold that I and my advisors are freely giving to the God of Israel, whose temple is in Jerusalem. Take the silver and gold that you collect from everywhere in Babylonia. Also take the gifts that your own people and priests have so willingly contributed for the temple of your God in Jerusalem.
Use the money carefully to buy the best bulls, rams, lambs, grain, and wine. Then sacrifice them on the altar at God's temple in Jerusalem. If any silver or gold is left, you and your people may use it for whatever pleases your God. Give your God the other articles that have been contributed for use in his temple. If you need to get anything else for the temple, you may have the money you need from the royal treasury.
Ezra, you are a priest and an expert in the laws of the God of heaven. I order all treasurers in Western Province to do their very best to help you. They will be allowed to give as much as 100 talents of silver, 100 cors of wheat, 100 baths of wine, 100 baths of olive oil, and all the salt you need.
They must provide whatever the God of heaven demands for his temple, so that he won't be angry with me and with the kings who rule after me. We want you to know that no priests, Levites, musicians, guards, temple servants, or any other temple workers will have to pay any kind of taxes.
Ezra, use the wisdom God has given you and choose officials and leaders to govern the people of Western Province. These leaders should know God's laws and have them taught to anyone who doesn't know them. Everyone who fails to obey God's Law or the king's law will be punished without pity. They will either be executed, put in prison, forced to leave their country, or have all they possess taken away.
Because King Artaxerxes was so kind, Ezra said: “Praise the God of our ancestors!" He made sure that the king honored the temple in Jerusalem. Yahva has told the king, his advisors, and his powerful officials to treat me with kindness. Yahva has helped me, and I have been able to bring many Judean leaders back to Jerusalem.”
Artaxerxes was king of Persia when I led the following chiefs of the family groups from Babylonia to Jerusalem:
Gershom of the Phinehas family;
Daniel of the Ithamar family;
Hattush son of Shecaniah of the David family;
Zechariah and 150 other men of the Parosh family, who had family records;
Eliehoenai son of Zerahiah with 200 men of the Pahath Moab family;
Shecaniah son of Jahaziel with 300 men of the Zattu family;
Ebed son of Jonathan with 50 men of the Adin family;
Jeshaiah son of Athaliah with 70 men of the Elam family;
Zebadiah son of Michael with 80 men of the Shephatiah family;
Obadiah son of Jehiel with 218 men of the Joab family;
Shelomith son of Josiphiah with 160 men of the Bani family;
Zechariah son of Bebai with 28 men of the Bebai family;
Johanan son of Hakkatan with 110 men of the Azgad family;
Eliphelet, Jeuel, and Shemaiah who returned later with 60 men of the Adonikam family;
Uthai and Zaccur with 70 men of the Bigvai family.
I brought everyone together by the river that flows to the town of Ahava where we camped for three days. Not one Levite could be found among the people and priests. So I sent for the leaders Eliezer, Ariel, Shemaiah, Elnathan, Jarib, Elnathan, Nathan, Zechariah, and Meshullam. I also sent for Joiarib and Elnathan, who were very wise counselors. Then I sent them to Iddo, the leader at Casiphia, and I told them to ask him and his temple workers to send people to serve in Yavha's temple.
Yahva was kind to us and caused them to send a skillful man named Sherebiah, a Levite from the Mahli family. Eighteen of his relatives came with him. We were also sent Hashabiah and Jeshaiah from the family of Merari along with 20 of their relatives. In addition, 220 others came to help the Levites in the temple. The ancestors of these workers had been chosen years ago by King David and his officials, and they were all listed by name.
Beside the Ahava River, I asked the people to fast and to pray. We humbled ourselves and asked Yahva to bring us and our children safely to Jerusalem with all of our possessions. I was ashamed to ask the king to send soldiers and cavalry to protect us against enemies along the way. After all, we had told the king that our God takes care of everyone who truly worships him, but that he gets very angry and punishes anyone who refuses to obey. So we went without food and asked Yahva to protect us, and he answered our prayers.
I chose twelve of the leading priests—Sherebiah, Hashabiah and ten of their relatives. Then I weighed the gifts that had been given for Yahva's temple, and divided them among the twelve chosen priests. There were gifts of silver and gold, as well as the articles that the king, his advisors and officials, and the people of Israel had contributed. In all there were: 650 talents of silver; 100 silver articles weighing 100 talents; 100 talents of gold; 20 gold bowls valued at 1,000 darics; and 2 polished bronze articles as valuable as gold.
I said to the priests; “You belong to Yahva, the God of your ancestors, and these things also belong to him. The silver and gold were willingly given as gifts to Yahva. Be sure to guard them and keep them safe until you reach Jerusalem. Then weigh them inside the temple in the presence of the chief priests, Levites, and heads of the Israelite families.” The priests and Levites then took charge of the gifts that had been weighed, so they could take them to the temple of our God in Jerusalem.
On the twelfth day of the first month, we left the Ahava River and started for Jerusalem. Yahva watched over us as we traveled, and kept our enemies from ambushing us.
After arriving in Jerusalem, we rested for three days. Then on the fourth day we went to Yahva's temple, where the silver, gold, and other things were weighed and given to the priest Meremoth son of Uriah. With him were Eleazar son of Phinehas and the two Levites, Jozabad son of Yeshua and Noadiah son of Binnui. Everything was counted, weighed, and recorded.
Those who had returned from exile offered sacrifices on the altar to Yahva. Twelve bulls were offered for all Israel. Ninety-six rams and 77 lambs were offered on the altar, and 12 goats were sacrificed for the sins of the people. Some of those who had returned took the king's orders to the governors and officials in Western Province. Then the officials did what they could for the people and for the temple.
Later the Judean leaders came to me, saying; “Many Israelites, including priests and Levites, have not maintained separation from the abominations of the Canaanites, Hittites, Perizzites, Jebusites, Ammonites, Moabites, Egyptians, and Amorites.
Some Israelite men have married women of these people and let their sons do so. Our own officials and leaders participated in this abomination, and now Yahva's chosen people are diluted with foreign blood.”
On hearing this I was appalled. I tore my tunic and cloak; and pulled out my hair and beard. Then I sat in shock until the time for the evening sacrifice. Then everyone who feared Yahva gathered around me, because he had ordered us to avoid foreigners.
At the evening sacrifice, I was still sitting there appalled with my clothes torn. So I arose and fell to my knees, then lifted my arms, and prayed;
“I am much too ashamed and embarrassed to face you, O Yahva. Our guilt have swept over in a flood that reaches the skies. Since the time of our ancestors, all of us have sinned. That is why we, our kings, and our priests have often been defeated by other kings. They have killed some of us and enslaved others; they have plundered our possessions leaving us ashamed, as we are today.
But for now, O Yahva, you have shown great kindness to us. You made us truly happy by letting some of us settle in this sacred place and by helping us in our time of slavery. We are slaves, but you have never turned your back on us. You love us, and because of you, the kings of Persia have helped us. It's as though you have given us new life! You let us rebuild your temple and live safely in Judah and Jerusalem.
Yahva, what can we say now? Even after all this, we have disobeyed the commands that were given to us by your servants the prophets. They said the land you are giving us is full of sinful and wicked people, who never stop doing disgusting things. We were ordered to not let our children marry their children.
Your prophets also told us to never help those foreigners or even let them live in peace. You wanted us to become strong and to enjoy the good things in the land, then someday to leave it as a heritage to our children.
You punished us because of our terrible sins. But you did not punish us nearly as much as we deserve, and you have brought some of us back home. Why should we disobey your commands again by letting our sons and daughters marry these foreigners who do such disgusting things? That would make you angry enough to destroy us all! O Yahva! You have been more than fair by letting a few of us survive. But once again, our sins have made us ashamed to face you.”
While Ezra was on his knees facing Yahva's temple, praying with tears in his eyes, and confessing the sins of the people of Israel, a large number of men, women, and children gathered around him and cried bitterly.
Shecaniah, son of Jehiel from the family of Elam, said; “Ezra, we have disobeyed Yahva by marrying these foreign women. But there is still hope for the people of Israel, if we follow your advice and that of others who truly respect the laws. We must swear to Yahva that we will divorce our foreign wives and send them away, together with their children. Ezra, only you can resolve this! Be brave and we will support whatever you do.”
Ezra arose and administered the oath to the chief priests, Levites, and everyone else in Judea swearing that they would follow the advice of Shecaniah. Then Ezra left the temple and spent the night in the home of Jehohanan son of Eliashib. In sorrow for the sins of the people, he did not eat or drink.
The officials and leaders sent a message to all returnees now living in Jerusalem and Judea. They were ordered to meet in Jerusalem within three days, or lose everything they owned. They would no longer be considered part of the community of Yahva.
Three days later, on the twentieth day of the ninth month, everyone from Judah and Benjamin came to Jerusalem and met in the temple courtyard. It was a serious meeting; they sat there trembling in the rain.
Ezra arose, saying; “You have broken Yahva's Law by marrying foreign women, thus bringing guilt to the entire nation! Now you must confess your sins to Yahva and obey him. Divorce your foreign wives and avoid the foreigners who live around here.”
Everyone in the crowd shouted; “You are right! We will do what you say. But there are so many of us, and we can't just stay in this downpour. Many of us have sinned by marrying foreign women. This cannot be settled in only a day or two. Can our officials stay on in Jerusalem and manage this for us? Let everyone who has sinned in this way meet here at a certain time with leaders and judges from their own towns. If we correct this problem, Yahva will surely cease being so angry with us.”
Jonathan son of Asahel and Jahzeiah son of Tikvah were the only ones who objected except for the two Levites, Meshullam and Shabbethai.
Everyone else who had returned from exile agreed with the plan. So Ezra chose heads of the families. They started investigating on the first day of the tenth month, and did not finish until the first day of the first month of the next year.
These priests agreed to divorce their foreign wives and to sacrifice a ram as a sin offering:
- Family of Yeshua son of Jozadak
- Maaseiah, Eliezer, Jarib, and Gedaliah and his brothers;
- Family of Immer
- Hanani and Zebadiah
- Family of Harim
- Maaseiah, Elijah, Shemaiah, Jehiel, and Uzziah
- Family of Pashhur
- Elioenai, Maaseiah, Ishmael, Nethanel, Jozabad, and Elasah
- These Levites had foreign wives:
- Jozabad, Shimei, Kelaiah (also known as Kelita), Pethahiah, Judah, and Eliezer.
- Eliashib, the musician, had a foreign wife.
- These temple guards had foreign wives:
- Shallum, Telem, and Uri.
Others Israelites had foreign wives:
- Family of Parosh
- Ramiah, Izziah, Malchijah, Mijamin, Eleazar, Hashabiah, and Benaiah
- Family of Elam
- Mattaniah, Zechariah, Jehiel, Abdi, Jeremoth, and Elijah
- Family of Zattu
- Elioenai, Eliashib, Mattaniah, Jeremoth, Zabad, and Aziza
- Family of Bebai
- Jehohanan, Hananiah, Zabbai, and Athlai
- Family of Bani
- Meshullam, Malluch, Adaiah, Jashub, Sheal, and Jeremoth
- Adna, Chelal, Benaiah, Maaseiah, Mattaniah, Bezalel, Binnui, and Manasseh
- Family of Harim
- Eliezer, Isshijah, Malchijah, Shemaiah, Shimeon, Benjamin, Malluch, and Shemariah
- Family of Hashum
- Mattenai, Mattattah, Zabad, Eliphelet, Jeremai, Manasseh, and Shimei
- Family of Bani
- Maadai, Amram, Uel, Benaiah, Bedeiah, Cheluhi, Vaniah, Meremoth, Eliashib, Mattaniah, Mattenai, and Jaasu
- Family of Binnui
- Shimei, Shelemiah, Nathan, Adaiah, and Machnadebai
- Family of Zachai
- Shashai, Sharai, Azarel, Shelemiah, Shemariah, Shallum, Amariah, and Joseph
- Family of Nebo
- Jeiel, Mattithiah, Zabad, Zebina, Jaddai, Joel, and Benaiah
These men had foreign wives whom they divorced, then sent them away with their children.
© Copyright 2015-2017 D E Pauley