Leviticus

Yahva said to Moses from the meeting tent; “Tell the Israelites that when anyone brings an offering to Yahva, he shall bring the offering of livestock from his herd or flock. If the offering is a burnt offering, he shall bring a male without blemish to the meeting tent door to be accepted for sacrifice. By placing his hand on the head of the sacrifice, it will be accepted as atonement for him. Then he shall kill the animal in front of the altar of Yahva. The priests, Aaron's sons, shall accept the blood and pour it over the altar by the meeting tent door. He shall skin the offering and cut it into its pieces. The priests shall start a fire on the altar with wood sufficient for the sacrifice. They shall place the pieces, the head, and the fat appropriately on the wood over the fire on the altar. He shall wash the internal organs and the legs with water then the priest shall burn the sacrifice on the altar as an offering burnt by fire—a pleasant aroma to Yahva.

If his offering is from the flock, either sheep or goat, he shall offer a male without blemish. He shall kill it by the north side of the altar of Yahva and the priests shall pour its blood over the altar. He shall cut it into pieces and the priest shall place them, along with the head and fat on the wood over the altar fire. He shall wash the internal organs and the legs with water then the priest shall burn the sacrifice on the altar as an offering burnt by fire—pleasant aroma to Yahva.

If his burnt offering is fowls, then he shall offer a turtle dove or young pigeon. The priest shall bring it to the altar and cut off its head to roast on the altar but the blood shall be drained on the side of the altar. He shall throw the internal organs and feathers in the ash pit east of the altar. He shall spread it by the wings, but not divide it in pieces; then the priest shall burn it on the altar as a burnt offering—a pleasant aroma to Yahva.

When anyone brings a bread offering to Yahva, it shall be fine flour with oil and spice. He shall bring it to the priests who will take a handful of the fine flour and oil with all the spice. The priest shall burn that part on the altar as a burnt offering—pleasant aroma to Yahva. The remainder of the bread offering shall be for Aaron and the priests. It is a consecrated offering to Yahva made by fire.

When anyone brings a bread offering baked in an oven, it shall be unleavened cakes of fine flour mixed with oil or unleavened wafers spread with oil. If the offering is a bread baked on a griddle, it shall be unleavened fine flour mixed with oil. Break it in pieces and pour oil on it as a bread offering. If the offering is bread cooked in a pan, make it of fine flour with oil.

He shall bring the bread offering to Yahva and present it to the priest who shall bring it to the altar. The priest shall take a token of the bread offering and burn it on the altar—an offering made by fire, a pleasant aroma to Yahva. The remainder of the bread offering is for the priests; it is the most sacred offerings to Yahva made by fire.

No bread offering which you bring to Yahva shall be baked with leaven or honey. You may bring an offering of first fruits to Yahva but they shall not be burnt on the altar. Season every bread offering with salt. Do not omit salt from your bread offering to Yahva. All your offerings must include salt.

If you bring a grain offering of first fruits to Yahva it shall be roasted cracked grain or grits with oil and frankincense over it. The priest shall burn a token of the offering and oil with all the spice.

If he sacrifices a peace offering to Yahva it shall be a herd animal, male or female, without blemish. He shall put his hand on its head and kill it at the door of the meeting tent. Aaron's sons, the priests, shall splash the blood against the altar. He shall present the peace offering to be burnt to Yahva: the fat that lines the abdominal cavity, the fat on the internal organs, both kidneys with the fat on them—which is near the loins—and the lobe above the liver, which he shall sever close to the kidneys. Aaron's sons shall burn it on the altar with the burnt offering, which is on the wood of the fire. It is an offering made by fire—a pleasant aroma to Yahva.

If his sacrifice is a peace offerings to Yahva, it shall be a male or female unblemished lamb from his flock. He shall bring the sacrificial lamb and present it to Yahva, then he shall place his hand on its head and kill it at the meeting tent. Aaron's sons shall splash its blood against the sides of the altar. He shall present for sacrifice of peace offerings made by fire to Yahva: its fat, the entire fat tail which is severed at the rump bone, the fat covering the abdominal cavity, all the fat on the internal organs—the kidneys with the fat near the loins, and the lobe above the liver, severed near the kidneys. The priest shall burn it on the altar—an offering made by fire to Yahva.

If his offering is a goat, he shall present it to Yahva then place his hand on its head and kill it before the meeting tent. Aaron's sons shall dash its blood against the altar. He shall present his offering as an offering made by fire to Yahva: the fat that lines the abdominal cavity, the fat that covers the internal organs, the kidneys with their fatty covering above the loins, and the lobe above the liver severed near the kidneys. The priest shall burn them on the altar since it is an offering made by fire, a pleasant aroma. All the fat is Yahva's. This is a perpetual law in all your dwellings; you shall eat neither fat nor blood.”

Yahva said to Moses; “Tell the Israelites; 'If an anointed priest should do anything through error that Yahva has forbidden, thus bringing guilt on the people; let him offer for his guilt—a young bull without blemish to Yahva as a sin offering. He shall bring the bull before Yahva at the door of the meeting tent and place his hand on its head and kill it. The anointed priest shall take blood from the bull and bring it to the meeting tent. He shall dip his finger in the blood and sprinkle of the blood seven times before Yahva at the front of the veil of the sanctuary. He shall put blood on the horns of the altar of sweet incense which is in the meeting tent. All the remaining blood he shall pour out at the base of the altar of burnt offering at the door of the meeting tent. He shall remove all the fat of the bull; the fat that covers the abdominal cavity, all the fat that on the internal organs, the kidneys with the fat on them above the loins, and the lobe above the liver severed above kidneys. The priest shall burn them on the altar of burnt offering. The skin of the bull, all its flesh with its head and legs, its internal organs, and its dung, he shall take it outside the camp to a clean place where the ashes are poured out, and burn it on wood fire.

If the community of Israel errs unknowingly and does anything which Yahva has forbidden: When their guilt is known the assembly shall offer a young bull for a sin offering and bring it before the meeting tent. The elders of the community shall place their hands on its head before Yahva and the bull shall be killed. The anointed priest shall take blood from the bull and bring it to the meeting tent. He shall dip his finger in the blood and sprinkle of the blood seven times before Yahva at the front of the veil of the sanctuary. He shall put blood on the horns of the altar of sweet incense which is in the meeting tent. All the remaining blood he shall pour out at the base of the altar of burnt offering at the door of the meeting tent. He shall remove all the fat of the bull and burn it on the altar as he does with the bull of the sin offering. Thus the priest makes atonement for them and they will be forgiven. He shall carry the bull outside the camp and burn it as he burned the bull of the sin offering—it is the sin offering for the assembly.

When a ruler, through error, does anything forbidden by Yahva, when he knows his guilt, he shall bring for his offering a male goat without blemish. He shall lay his hand on the head of the goat and kill it in the place where they kill the burnt offering before Yahva; it is a sin offering. The priest shall take blood of the offering with his finger, and put it on the horns of the altar of burnt offering then pour out the remaining blood at the base of the altar of burnt offering. He shall burn all the fat on the altar, as is done for the fat of the sacrifice of peace offerings. Thus the priest makes atonement for him for his sin and he is forgiven.

If any common person, through error, does anything forbidden by Yahva, then when he knows his guilt, he shall bring a female goat without blemish for his sin offering. He shall place his hand on its head and kill it in the place of burnt offering. The priest shall take blood thereof with his finger, and put it on the horns of the altar of burnt offering, then pour out the remaining blood at the base of the altar. He shall remove all the fat as with the sacrifice of peace offerings, the priest shall burn it on the altar, a pleasant aroma to Yahva. Thus the priest makes atonement for him and he is forgiven.

If he brings a lamb as a sin offering, it shall be a female without blemish. He shall lay his hand on its head and kill it for a sin offering in the place where they kill the burnt offering. The priest shall take blood of the sin offering with his finger and put it on the horns of the altar of burnt offering. He shall pour out the remaining blood at the base of the altar. He shall remove all the fat as the fat of the lamb as it is removed from the sacrifice of peace offerings. The priest shall burn them on the altar—an offering to Yahva made by fire. Thus the priest makes atonement for him and he is forgiven.

If anyone is called to testify in a public case and does not speak about what he has seen or heard, he shall bear the guilt of his inaction.

If anyone touches any impure thing; the carcass of an impure wild animal, the carcass of impure livestock, or the carcass of impure things that move on the ground; or touches a human impurity of any kind, he is impure although he did not know. When he learns of it, he will be guilty.

If anyone casually swears to do evil or good without thinking of the consequences, when he learns of it, he will be guilty.

When he knows that he is guilty of one of these things, he shall confess his guilt and bring his sacrifice to Yahva for his guilt, a female lamb or goat from his flock as a guilt offering. The priest shall make atonement for him.

If he cannot afford a lamb, then he shall bring as his sacrifice, two turtle doves or two young pigeons; one for a guilt offering and the other for a burnt offering. He shall bring them to the priest who shall offer the one for the guilt offering first. He shall cut off its head at its neck but not divide it into pieces. He shall sprinkle blood of the guilt offering on the side of the altar and drain the rest of the blood at the base of the altar for it is a guilt offering. He shall prepare the second for a burnt offering, according to the rituals. The priest shall make atonement for him and he is forgiven.

If he cannot afford two turtledoves or two young pigeons then he shall bring the tenth of an ephah of fine flour as a guilt offering; he shall not put oil or frankincense on it for it is a guilt offering. He shall bring it to the priest who takes a handful of it as the token part and burn it on the altar as the offerings to Yahva made by fire. Thus the priest makes atonement for him and he is forgiven. The rest of the offering belongs to the priest as in the case of a grain offering.'”

Yahva said to Moses; “If anyone unintentionally fails to remit the full tithe, he shall bring his sacrifice to Yahva; a ram without blemish from the flock, of equal value of the default, for a guilt offering. He shall make restitution for that which he defaulted plus one fifth of it, and give it to the priest who shall make atonement for him with the ram of the guilt offering and he is forgiven. If anyone does anything which Yahva has forbidden, although he did not know it, still he is guilty. He shall bring a ram without blemish from the flock, according to your valuation for a guilt offering, to the priest. The priest shall make atonement for him for the error which committed inadvertently, and he is forgiven. It is a guilt offering—he is certainly guilty before Yahva.”

Yahva said to Moses; “If anyone trespasses by cheating his neighbor in a deposit, pledge, or robbery; or has oppressed his neighbor; have found lost things and not returned them; or swear to a lie. In all of these he trespasses and is guilty. He shall restore that which he gained by robbery, oppression, keeping a deposit, the lost thing he found, or by swearing falsely. He shall restore fully plus a fifth of it to the person to whom it belongs on the day he is found guilty. He shall bring his sacrifice to Yahva; a ram without blemish from the flock, according to your valuation, for a restitution offering. The priest shall make atonement for him before Yahva and he is forgiven.”

Yahva said to Moses; “Tell Aaron and his sons; 'This is the ritual of the burnt offering: The burnt offering remains on the firewood of the altar all night while the fire is kept burning. The priest shall put on his linen garment and breeches, and gather the ashes of the fire that consumed the burnt offering. He shall put them beside the altar, then change his garments and carry the ashes outside the camp to a clean place. The fire on the altar shall be kept burning, it must not go out. Every morning the priest shall add wood on to the fire, place the burnt offering in order on it, and burn the fat of the peace offerings. Fire must be kept burning on the altar continually; it must never go out.

This is the ritual of the bread offering: Aaron's sons shall present it before Yahva at the front of the altar. He shall take a handful of the fine flour of the offering with some of the oil and all the frankincense which is on the offering. He shall burn the token on the altar as a pleasant aroma to Yahva. Aaron and his sons eat shall the remainder without leaven in the consecrated place; the courtyard of the meeting tent. It shall not be baked with leaven. I have given it as their portion of my offerings made by fire; it is most holy, as the restitution offering or the guilt offering. Every male descendant of Aaron may eat it as a right throughout your generations, from the offerings of Yahva made by fire. Anything touches them must be consecrated.'”

Yahva said to Moses; “This is the ritual by Aaron, and by his descendants, which he offers to Yahva on the day when he is anointed: a tenth of an ephah of fine flour, half in the morning and half in the evening. It shall be prepared with oil on a griddle. Bring it well soaked as an offering with a pleasant aroma to Yahva. It shall be completely burnt on the altar. Every offering by a priest shall burnt, it must not be eaten. His descendant who succeeds him as an anointed priest shall do this ritual, it is an eternal requirement.”

Yahva said to Moses; “Tell Aaron and his sons; 'This is the ritual of the sin offering: The sin offering shall be killed before Yahva in the place where the burnt offering is killed; it is most holy. The priest who offers it may eat it in a holy place, in the court of the meeting tent. Anything that touches its flesh must be consecrated. When blood of the offering is spilled on any garment, it shall be washed. A clay vessel in which it is washed shall be broken or if it is washed in a brass vessel, it shall be scoured and rinsed in water. Every male among the priests may eat it; it is most holy. No offering from which any blood is brought into the meeting tent for atonement in the holy place may be eaten; it shall be burnt with fire.

This is the ritual of the guilt offering, it is most holy. In the place where the burnt offering is killed, the guilt offering shall be killed and the blood shall be splashed against the altar. He shall remove all the fat of the bull; the fat covering the abdominal cavity, the fat on the internal organs, the kidneys with the fat on them above the loins, and the lobe above the liver severed near kidneys. The priest shall burn them on the altar for an offering made by fire to Yahva; it is a guilt offering. Every male among the priests may eat, it may be eaten in a holy place; it is most holy.

The guilt offering is the same as the sin offering; there is one ritual for them. The priest who makes atonement receives it. The priest who offers any man's burnt offering, even the priest shall have to himself the skin of the burnt offering which he has offered. Every offering baked in an oven, cooked in a stewing pan, or fried on the griddle belongs the priest's that offers it. Every offering, mixed with oil or dry, belongs to Aaron's sons equally.

This is the ritual of the sacrifice of peace offerings to Yahva. If he offers it for a thanksgiving, then he shall offer unleavened cakes baked with oil, unleavened wafers spread with oil, and leavened cakes mixed with oil, of fine flour soaked with the sacrifice. With cakes of leavened bread, he shall present his offering with the sacrifice of his peace offerings for thanksgiving. He shall present one of each offering to Yahva; it belongs to the priest's that dashes the blood of the peace offerings against the altar. The meat of the sacrifice of his peace offerings for thanksgiving shall be eaten on the day of his offering; it must not be left until morning. But if the sacrifice of his offering is a vow, or a freewill offering, it may be eaten on the day that he offers his sacrifice and any that remains of it may be eaten the next day. But any that remains on the third day shall be burnt. If any of the meat of his peace offerings is eaten on the third day, the sacrifice is rejected and it will not be credited to him that offers it. It is an abhorred thing and the person who eats it shall bear his guilt. Anyone thing touches any unclean thing shall not be eaten but burnt with fire.

Everyone who is clean may eat the meat of the sacrifice of the peace offerings. But any unclean person who eats of the meat of the sacrifice, that belongs to Yahva, he shall be expelled from his people. When anyone touches any unclean thing, whatever it may be, and eats the meat of the sacrifice of peace offerings which belongs to Yahva, shall be expelled from his people.'”

Yahva said to Moses; “Tell the Israelites; 'Do not eat the fat of a bull, sheep, or goat. The fat of an animal which dies naturally and the fat of one which is killed by animals may be used for any other service, but you shall never eat it. Whoever eats the fat of any kind of animal that may be presented as an offering made by fire to Yahva shall be expelled from his people. No kind of blood may be eaten whether it is blood of a fowl or an animal in any of your dwellings. Anyone who eats any blood shall be expelled from his people.'”

Yahva said to Moses; “Tell the Israelites; 'He who offers his sacrifice of peace offerings shall bring his offering to Yahva from his sacrifice of peace offerings. He shall bring the offerings made by fire to Yahva himself: the fat for the priest to burn on the altar, the belly as a wave offering before Yahva, and the right thigh as a heave offering; but the belly and the thigh of your sacrifices of peace offerings shall belong to Aaron and his sons. The priest who offers the blood and the fat of the peace offerings shall have the right thigh as his portion. I have taken the belly for waving and the thigh for heaving from the Israelites out of their sacrifices of peace offerings and have given them to Aaron and his sons as a perpetual share from the Israelites.

This is the consecrated portion of Aaron, and the of his sons, from the offerings to Yahva made by fire on the day when they are ordained to serve Yahva in the priest's office; which Yahva ordered to be given them from the Israelites, on the day that they are anointed. It is a perpetual share throughout their generations.

This is the law of the burnt offering, the sin offering, the bread offering, the guilt offering, the consecration offering, and of the sacrifice of peace offerings; as Yahva commanded Moses on mount Sinai, in the day that he commanded the Israelites to present their offerings to Yahva in the wilderness of Sinai.'”

Yahva said to Moses; "Take Aaron with his sons, the garments, the anointing oil, the bull of the offering, the two rams, and the basket of unleavened bread; assemble the congregation at the door of the meeting tent." As Yahva ordered, Moses assembled the congregation at the door of the meeting tent. Moses said to the congregation: "This is what Yahva has commanded us to do." Moses washed Aaron and his sons with water. Then he put the tunic on him, girded him with the sash, clothed him with the robe, put the ephod on him, girded him with the skilfully woven band of the ephod, and binding it to him. He placed the breastplate on him and put the Urim and the Thummim in the breastplate. He set the turban on his head and on its front he set the golden plate, the holy emblem as Yahva commanded Moses.

With the anointing oil, Moses anointed the tabernacle and everything in it, and consecrated them. He sprinkled oil on the altar seven times, anointing the altar with all its vessels and the basin with its base to consecrate them. He poured anointing oil on Aaron's head thus anointing him, to consecrate him. Moses clothed Aaron's sons with tunics, girded them with sashes, and bound turban on them; as Yahva commanded.

The bull of the offering was brought; Aaron and his sons placed their hands on its head of the bull of the sin offering. When it was killed, Moses took the blood and put it around the horns of the altar with his finger to purify the altar. He poured the remaining blood at the base of the altar. Thus he consecrated it to atone for it. He took all the fat in the abdominal cavity with the lobe of the liver and the kidneys with their fat, and Moses burnt it on the altar. The bull with its skin, flesh, and dung were burnt outside the camp; as Yahva commanded Moses.

The ram of the burnt offering was presented; Aaron and his sons placed their hands on the head of the ram. When it was killed, Moses splashed the blood against the altar. The ram was cut into pieces and Moses burnt the head, the pieces, and the fat. Then the internal organs and the legs were washed with water and Moses burnt the whole ram on the altar'.It was a burnt offering with a pleasant aroma; an offering made by fire to Yahva, as Yahva commanded Moses.

The other ram was presented; the ram of consecration. Aaron and his sons placed their hands on the head of the ram. When it was killed, Moses took the blood, and put some on the lobe of Aaron's right ear, on the thumb of his right hand, and on the big toe of his right foot. Aaron's sons were brought, and Moses put blood on the lobe of their right ears, on the thumb of their right hands, and on the big toe of their right feet. Moses splashed the remaining blood against the altar. He took the fat, the fat tail, all the fat on the internal organs, the lobe of the liver, the two kidneys with their fat, and the right thigh. From the basket of offering bread, he took one unleavened cake, one cake of oiled bread, and one wafer, and placed them on the fat and the right thigh. He placed the whole offering in the hands of Aaron and the hands of his sons who waved them for a wave offering before Yahva. Moses took them from their hands and burnt them on the altar of the burnt offering. They were a consecration offering with a pleasant aroma made by fire to Yahva. Moses took the belly and presented it as a wave offering before Yahva; it was Moses' portion of the ram of consecration, as Yahva commanded. Moses took some of the anointing oil and some blood which was on the altar, and sprinkled it on Aaron, his garments, his sons, and their garments. Thus he consecrated Aaron, his garments, his sons, and their garments.

Moses said to Aaron and his sons: "Broil the meat at the door of the meeting tent and eat it there with the bread in the consecration basket, as I commanded. Aaron and his sons may eat it. Burn any remaining meat and bread. You shall not leave the door of the meeting tent until your consecration is complete; for Yahva will consecrate you for seven days. As was done today, Yahva commands that it to be repeated for seven days as atonement for you. At the door of the meeting tent you shall abide day and night for seven days, and do as Yahva requires so that you will not die; this I am ordered. Aaron and his sons did all the things which Yahva commanded through Moses.

On the eighth day, Moses called Aaron with his sons and the elders of Israel, and said to Aaron; "Take a yearling bull for a sin offering and a ram for a burnt offering, both without blemish, and offer them to Yahva. Tell the Israelites; 'Take a yearling male goat for a sin offering; a calf and a lamb, without blemish, for a burnt offering; a bull and a ram for peace offerings, to sacrifice before Yahva; and a bread offering mixed with oil. Today Yahva appears to you.'" They brought what Moses commanded to the meeting tent. All the congregation drew near and stood before Yahva. Moses said: "This is what Yahva commanded that you should do so that the radiance of Yahva may appear to you." Moses said to Aaron: "Approach the altar and present your sin offering and burnt offering to atone for yourself and for the people. Present the offering for the people and make atonement for them, as Yahva commanded."

Aaron approached the altar, and killed the calf of the sin offering, which was for himself. Then Aaron's sons presented the blood to him; he dipped his finger in the blood, put some on the horns of the altar and poured the remainder at the base of the altar. He burnt the fat, the kidneys, and the lobe of the liver of the sin offering on the altar, as Yahva commanded Moses. The meat and the skin were burnt with fire outside the camp. Then he killed the burnt offering; and his sons presented the blood to him which he splashed it against the altar. They presented the burnt offering to him, piece by piece, and the head; he burnt them on the altar. He washed the internal organs and the legs, and burnt them on the altar for burnt offerings.

The people's offering was presented and he killed the goat of the offering which was for the people, offering it for sin, as the first. The burnt offering was presented and he offered it according to the ritual. The bread offering was presented. He filled his hand with it and burnt it on the altar in addition the burnt offering of the morning. He also killed the bull and the ram as the sacrifice of peace offerings for the people; Aaron's sons gave him some of the blood and he splashed it against the altar. The fat of the bull and the ram; the fat tail, the fat on the internal organs, the kidneys, and the lobe of the liver were put on the belly and burnt on the altar, having first waved belly and the right thigh for a wave offering before Yahva; as Moses commanded.

Aaron raised his hands toward the people and blessed them; and he came down from offering the sin offering, the burnt offering, and the peace offerings. Moses and Aaron went into the meeting tent, came out, and blessed the people. The radiance of Yahva appeared to all the people. Fire came from Yahva and consumed the burnt offering and the fat on the altar. When the people saw it, they shouted and all fell on their faces.

Nadab and Abihu, sons of Aaron, each took his fire pan, put fire in it, laid incense on it, and offered strange fire to Yahva, which he had not commanded them. A fire came from Yahva and devoured them so that they died before Yahva. Then Moses said to Aaron: "This is what Yahva said; 'Through them that are near me I will be sanctified and before all the people I will be glorified.'" Aaron remained silent. Moses called Mishael and Elzaphan, sons of Uzziel the uncle of Aaron, and said to them: "Carry your kin out of the camp from the sanctuary." They carried them by their tunics out of the camp, as Moses had said.

Moses said to Aaron, and to Eleazar and to Ithamar, his sons: "Do not unbind your hair nor tear your clothes, otherwise you will die and all the Israelites will suffer Yahva's wrath. Let the whole house of Israel mourn this burning which Yahva kindled. If you leave the meeting tent, you will die for the anointing oil of Yahva is on you." They did as Moses ordered.

Yahva said to Aaron and his sons; "When you enter the meeting tent, do not drink wine or strong drink, else you will die. This is an eternal law for all your descendants. You must difference between holy and profane, between clean and unclean and teach the Israelites all the lows which I have given to them through Moses."

Moses said to Aaron and his remaining sons, Eleazar and Ithamar; "From the offerings to Yahva made by fire, eat the remains of the bread offering without leaven beside the altar; it is most holy. Eat it in a holy place because it is the share for you and your sons, of the offerings to Yahva made by fire; so I have been commanded. But you and your children may eat the belly and the thigh that were presented in a clean place; they are given to you and your sons as your share from the sacrifices of the peace offerings of the Israelites. They shall bring thigh of heaving and the belly of waving, with the offerings of the fat made by fire, as a wave offering before Yahva. This is the perpetual share for you and your sons; as Yahva has commanded."

When Moses inquired about the goat of the sin offering, and it was already burnt; he was angry with Eleazar and Ithamar; "Why have you not eaten the sin offering in the sanctuary since it is most holy. Yahva has given it you to remove the guilt of the congregation and to atone for them before Yahva? Its blood was not brought into the sanctuary; you should certainly have eaten it in the sanctuary, as I commanded." Aaron said to Moses: "Today they have offered their sin offering and their burnt offering to Yahva. Today many things have fallen on me! If I had eaten the sin offering today, would Yahva have approved? When Moses heard that, he content.

Yahva said to Moses and to Aaron; “Tell the Israelites; 'Of all the land animals, you may eat any animal that has completely cloven hoofs and chews the cud. You shall not eat any animal that only chews the cud or only have cloven hoofs: the camel, the rodent and the hare, although they chew the cud, they do not have cloven hoofs, they are unclean to you; and the hog, although it has cloven hoofs, it does not chew the cud; it is unclean to you. You shall not eat their meat nor touch their carcass; they are unclean to you.

Of all the animals that live in water, in the seas and rivers, you may you eat of all that have fins and scales. But you may not eat any that have only fins or only scales. All other living creatures in the water are unclean to you. You shall not eat of their meat nor touch their carcass; they are unclean to you.

These birds shall not be eaten, they are unclean: the vulture, the ibis, the osprey, the kite, all kinds of falcons, all kinds of ravens, the ostrich, the night hawk, the sea gull, all kinds of hawks, all kinds of owls, the cormorant, the pelican, the buzzard, the stork, the swan, all kinds of herons, the hoopoe, and the bat.

All winged swarming things that crawl are unclean to you. But you may eat of winged swarming things which have jointed legs above their feet and can leap from the ground, such as: all kinds of locusts, all kinds of bald locusts, and all kinds of crickets, and all kinds of grasshopper. All other winged swarming things with four feet are unclean to you.

You shall become unclean by these: anyone who touches the carcass of them shall be unclean until evening. Anyone who carries any of the carcass of them shall wash his clothes and be unclean until the evening. Every beast which neither has cloven hoofs nor chews the cud is unclean to you; everyone who touches them shall be unclean. Everything with four legs that walks on its paws are unclean to you; anyone who touches their carcass shall be unclean until the evening. Anyone who carries the carcass of them shall wash his clothes and be unclean until the evening; they are unclean to you.

These are they which are unclean to you among the swarming things that swarm on the earth: the weasel, the mouse, the rat, the mole, all kinds of lizards, the gecko, the skink, and the chameleon. These are unclean to you. Anyone who touches them when they are dead will be unclean until the evening. If any of them, when they are dead, falls on anything, it shall be unclean, whether it is a wood vessel, clothing, leather, or sack; any vessel with which any work is done. It must be washed with water but it will be unclean until the evening; then it will be clean.

If any of them move into a clay vessel, everything in it will be unclean and it must be broken. All clean food in it will become unclean although it could otherwise have been eaten. If any of them enters a clay vessel which contains water, everything in the vessel will be unclean. Everything that any part of their carcass touches will be unclean, whether oven, stove, or pots, it shall be broken in pieces; it is unclean. However a fountain or well which gathers the water seeping through the ground will be clean; but anyone who touches a carcass in it shall be unclean. If any of their carcass fall on any seed that is to be sown, the seed remains clean. But if water covers the seed and any of their carcass fall into it, it is unclean to you.

If any clean, wild animal dies, anyone who touches its carcass shall be unclean until the evening. Anyone who eats any of the carcass or carries it shall wash his clothes and be unclean until the evening.

Everything that swarms on the earth is detestable; it shall not be eaten. Every swarming thing that crawls on its belly, on all feet, or has many feet are unclean. You shall not eat them for they are detestable things. You must not make yourselves detestable with any swarming thing for you would make yourselves unclean and be defiled. I am your God; consecrate yourselves and be holy as I am holy. Do not defile yourselves with any kind of swarming thing. For I am your God who rescued you from Egypt.

This is the law of the wild animal, the fowl, every living creature that moves in the waters, and every creature that swarms on the earth: Distinguish between the unclean and the clean, between the living thing that may be eaten and the one that may not.'”

Yahva said to Moses; “Tell the Israelites; 'If a woman gives birth to a boy, she shall be unclean seven days; as she is unclean during her menstrual period. On the eighth day he shall be circumcised. She shall continue in the blood of purification rite for 33 days; she shall touch nothing consecrated nor come to the sanctuary until her purification be completed. If she bears a girl, she shall be unclean two weeks, as she is unclean during her menstrual period. She shall continue the rite of blood of purification for 66 days.

When purification is completed, for a son or for a daughter, she shall bring a yearling lamb for a burnt offering and a young pigeon or turtle dove for a sin offering to the priest at the meeting tent door. He shall offer it before Yahva and make atonement for her. She shall be cleansed from the flow of her blood. This is the law for bearing a male or a female. If she lacks wealth for a lamb, she shall take two turtle doves or two young pigeons; one for a burnt offering and the other for a sin offering; and the priest shall make atonement for her, and she shall be clean.'”

Yahva said to Moses and Aaron; “If a person has a swelling, rash, or discoloration on the skin and it appears to be leprosy, he shall come to Aaron the priest, or to one of his priestly sons. The priest shall examine condition of the skin. If the hair in the sore has turned white and appears be under the skin, it is leprosy. The priest shall examine him and pronounce him unclean with leprosy. If the bright spot is white and appears to be on the surface the skin but the hair on the spot has not turned white, the priest shall isolate him for seven days. The priest shall examine him again on the seventh day. If the sore is unchanged and has not spread, the priest shall isolate him seven more days. The priest shall examine him again on the seventh day. If the has faded and not spread, the priest shall pronounce him clean; it was just a rash. He shall wash his clothes and be clean. But if the rash spreads after his cleansing, he shall come to the priest again. The priest shall examine it and, if the sore has spread, the priest shall pronounce him unclean with leprosy.

When a man has scaly spots on the skin, he shall come to the priest for examination. If there is a white swelling in the skin with white hair and an open sore in the swelling, it is chronic leprosy. The priest shall pronounce him unclean. He need not isolate him for he is unclean. If the leprosy spreads across the skin and appears to cover all his skin including his head and feet; the priest shall examine and even if the scaly skin has covered all his body, he shall pronounce him clean even he has turned entirely white. But if open sores develop on him, he is unclean. The priest shall examine the open sores and pronounce him unclean with leprosy. If the open sores heal, he shall return to the priest who shall examine him again. If the skin has turned white, the priest shall pronounce him clean.

When there is a healed boil, but in the center of the boil, there is a white swelling or a bright reddish-white spot, he shall come to the priest. The priest shall examine it and, if the infection is under the skin and the hair is white, then the priest shall pronounce him unclean with leprosy that started in the boil. But if the priest examines it, and there are no white hairs in it, and it is faded on the surface of the skin; the priest shall isolate him for seven days. If it has spread widely on the skin, the priest shall pronounce him unclean with leprosy. But if the bright spot stay in its place and has not spread, it is the scar of the boil; the priest shall pronounce him clean. When a spot on the skin appears to be a burn but has a bright spot, reddish-white or white, the priest shall examine it. If the spot appears to be under the skin and the hair in it is white, it is leprosy that started in the burn. The priest shall pronounce him unclean with leprosy. If, when the priest examines it, the hair in the bright spot is not white and the spot is on the skin, but is fading; the priest shall isolate him seven days. The priest shall examine him the seventh day. If it has spread, the priest shall pronounce him unclean with leprosy. But if the bright spot has not spread but is faded, the priest shall pronounce him clean; it is a scar from the burn.

When a person has a rash on the head or beard, the priest shall examine it. If it appears to be under the skin with thin blond hair, the priest shall pronounce him unclean with leprosy of the head or beard. If the priest examines the rash, and it does not appear to be under the skin, and there be no black hair in it, then the priest shall isolate the person who has the rash for seven days. On the seventh day the priest shall examine the rash. If the rash be not spread, there is no yellow hair in it, and the rash appears to be on the surface of the skin, he shall be shaved except for the area of the rash. The priest shall isolate him for seven more days. On the seventh day the priest shall examine the rash again. If it has not spread and appears to be on the surface of the skin, the priest shall pronounce him clean. He shall wash his clothes and be clean. But if the rash spreads after his cleansing, the priest shall examine him again. If the rash has spread the priest need not look for yellow hair; he is unclean with leprosy. If the rash stays the same and black hair grow in it, the rash is healed and the priest shall pronounce him clean.

If a person has bright white spots, possibly streaked with red on the skin, the priest shall examine them. If the bright spots are dull white, eczema has erupted on the skin: he is clean.

Baldness on the top or front of the head does not indicate leprosy, he is clean. But if there are discolored swelling spots in the bald areas it is leprosy erupting in the bald areas. The priest shall examine him. If the swelling is reddish-white in the bald areas as the appearance of leprosy in the skin of the flesh, he is unclean with leprous. The priest shall pronounce him unclean with leprosy.

A person infected with shall tear his clothes, leave his hair unbound, and cover the lower part of the face, and cry; "Unclean, unclean." As long as he is infected, he is unclean with leprosy. He shall dwell outside the camp apart from the community.

A priest shall examine any indication of leprosy infection on a garment; woven or knitted fabric, whether it is wool or linen; or any kind of leather. If the infection is greenish, it is an infection of leprosy. The priest shall examine the garments and isolate those which have indications leprosy for seven days. He shall examine the garments again after seven days. If the infection has spread, it is malignant leprosy; it is unclean. He shall burn the infected garments, fabric, and leather in fire. If the infection has not spread the priest shall order washing the garment, fabric, or leather and isolate it seven more days.

After that the garments are washed, he priest shall examine them again. If the color has not changed, it is unclean and must be burnt in fire although it has not spread. The infection is working through the garment whether the damage is inside or out. If the infection has faded after washing, then he shall cut the infection out of the garment, fabric or skin. If it reappears, the infection is breaking out again. Burn everything that has the infection in fire. If indications of infection disappear when it is washed, then wash it again and it shall be clean. This is the law of leprosy infection in a garment, fabric, or skin so that it may pronounced clean, or unclean.”

Yahva said to Moses; “This is the ritual for the leper on the day of his cleansing when he comes to the priest. The priest shall go outside of the camp and examine him. If the disease is healed in the leper the priest order that two living clean birds with cedar, scarlet yarn, and hyssop brought to cleanse him. The priest shall have one of the birds killed in a clay vessel over running water. He shall take the living bird, the cedar wood, the scarlet yarn, and the hyssop, and dip them in the blood of the bird that was killed. He shall sprinkle the blood seven times on the person to be cleansed from leprosy and pronounce him clean. He shall release the living bird into the open pasture. The person cleansed shall wash his clothes, shave off all his hair, and bathe himself in water. Then he is clean and may return to the camp, but shall dwell outside his tent seven days. On the seventh day, he shall shave all the hair off his head including beard and eyebrows. He shall wash his clothes, bathe his body in water, and be clean.

On the eighth day he shall take two yearling male lambs and one yearling female lamb all without blemish plus three tenths of an ephah of fine flour mixed with oil for a guilt offering and a log of oil. The priest shall present the person to be cleansed along with the sacrifices to Yahva at the door of the meeting tent. The priest shall present one of the male lambs as a guilt offering with the log of oil as a wave offering to Yahva. He shall kill the lamb in the consecrated place where guilt and burnt offering are killed. The burnt offering is the priest's as is the guilt offering; it is most holy. The priest shall put blood of the guilt offering on the lobe of the right ear, the thumb of the right hand, and the big toe of the right foot of the person being cleansed. The priest shall pour oil from the log into the palm of his left hand. He shall dip his right fingers in the oil in his left hand and sprinkle it seven times before Yahva. The priest shall put the oil remaining in his hand on the lobe of the right ear, the thumb of the right hand, and on the big toe of the right foot of the person being cleansed, over the blood of the guilt offering. The rest of the oil shall be put on the head of the person to be cleansed. Thus the priest makes atonement for him before Yahva. The priest shall present the offering and make atonement for the person being cleansed. Afterward he shall kill the burnt offering, and the priest shall offer the burnt offering and the bread offering on the altar. The priest has made atonement for him and he is clean.

If the person is poor and cannot afford this much, he shall take one yearling male lamb for a guilt offering to be waved as atonement, one tenth of an ephah of fine flour mixed with oil for a bread offering, and a log of oil plus two turtle doves or two young pigeons, such as he can afford: One for a sin offering and the other a burnt offering. On the eighth day he shall bring them to the priest at the door of the meeting tent for his cleansing. The priest shall take the lamb of the guilt offering and the log of oil, and the priest present them as a wave offering to Yahva. He shall kill the lamb of the guilt offering. The priest shall put blood of the guilt offering on the lobe of the right ear, the thumb of the right hand, and the big toe of the right foot of the person being cleansed. The priest shall pour oil finto the palm of his left hand. He shall dip his right fingers in the oil in his left hand and sprinkle it seven times before Yahva. The priest shall put the oil remaining in his hand on the lobe of the right ear, the thumb of the right hand, and on the big toe of the right foot of the person being cleansed, over the blood of the guilt offering. The rest of the oil shall be put on the head of the person to be cleansed. He shall offer a turtle dove or a young pigeon as a sin offering, and the other as a burnt offering with the bread offering. Thus the priest makes atonement for the person to be cleansed before Yahva. This is the ritual of anyone who has had leprosy but cannot afford the normal cleansing ritual.”

Yahva said to Moses and Aaron; “When you enter your heritage in Canaan and I put the infection of leprosy in a house; the person who owns the house shall tell the priest; 'There seems to be an infection in the house.' The priest shall order everyone to leave the house before he inspects it to determine which parts of the house are contaminated. The priest shall inspect for signs of leprosy in the walls of the house. If greenish or reddish streaks are observed that appear to penetrate into the wall, the priest shall close the door and isolate the house for seven days. The priest shall inspect it again after seven days. If the infection has spread, the priest shall order the contaminated stones removed and cast into a disposal place outside the city. He shall cause all the inside walls to be scraped and the removed mortar taken outside the city to a disposal place. They shall take new stones to replace the contaminated ones and make new mortar to plaster the house.

If the infection recurs in the house after the stones have been replaced and the walls plastered again, the priest shall inspect it. If the infection has again spread in the house, it is a malignant leprosy: it is unclean. The house shall razed; the stones, timber, and all the plaster shall be taken outside the city to a disposal place. Also anyone who that enters the house while it is isolated shall be unclean until the evening. Anyone who eats or sleeps in the house shall wash his clothes. If, on inspection, the infection has not spread after it was plastered, the priest shall pronounce the house clean because the infection is healed. He shall cleanse the house with two birds, cedar, scarlet yarn, and hyssop. He shall kill one of the birds in a clay vessel containing fresh water. He shall dip the cedar, hyssop, scarlet yarn, and the living bird in the blood of the slain bird and sprinkle the house seven times. Thus he cleanses the house with the blood of the bird mixed with fresh water, and with the living bird, cedar, hyssop, and scarlet yarn. But living bird shall be released in an open pasture. Thus he atones for the house and it is clean.

This is the ritual for all types of leprosy including leprosy of a garment or a house; and for a rash, swelling, scab, or bright spot; to give direction when it is unclean, and when it is clean. This is the law of leprosy.

Yahva said to Moses and to Aaron; “Tell the Israelites; 'When any person has running pus; whether it runs from his flesh or is blocked by a scab, it is unclean. Every bed on which that person lies and everything on which he sits is unclean. Anyone who touches his bed, sits on anything on which he sat, touches his flesh, touches anything that was under him, is spit on by him, or carries those things shall wash his clothes and bathe in water; he will be unclean until the evening. Anyone who he touches, without having rinsed his hands in water, shall wash his clothes and bathe himself in water and be unclean until the evening. Any saddle on which he person rides shall be unclean. Every clay vessel which that person touches shall be broken and every wood vessel shall be rinsed in water.

When he is cleansed of his infection, he shall wait seven days then, and wash his clothes and bathe his flesh in running water to be clean. On the eighth day he shall take two turtle doves or two young pigeons and give them to the priest at the door of the meeting tent as an offering to Yahva. The priest shall offer one as a sin offering and the other as a burnt offering, Thus the priest makes atonement for him before Yahva for his infection.

If a man has a spontaneous emission of semen, he shall bathe all his body in water and be unclean until the evening. Every piece of cloth and leather touched by the semen shall be washed with water and be unclean until the evening.

When couple have sex, both shall bathe themselves in water and be unclean until the evening. When a woman has a menstrual flow of blood, she shall be unclean for seven days. Anyone who touches her shall be unclean until the evening. Anything on which she lies or sits on during her menstrual period shall be unclean. Everyone touches her bed or anything that lies on it, shall wash their clothes, bathe themselves in water, and be unclean until the evening. And if he be on the bed, or on anything whereon she sits, when he touches it, he shall be unclean until the even. If any man has sex with her during her menstrual period, he shall be unclean seven days and every bed on which he lies also becomes unclean.

If a woman's menstrual extends beyond her usual period or occurs outside her period she shall be unclean as she is during her period. Every bed where she lies and everything on which she sits during her period, or beyond her period, shall be unclean. Everyone who touches those things shall be unclean, wash his clothes, bathe himself in water, and be unclean until the evening. When her menstrual flow ceases, she shall wait seven days to be clean. On the eighth day she shall take two turtle doves or two young pigeons to the priest at the meeting tent door. The priest shall offer one for a sin offering and the other for a burnt offering thus atoning before Yahva for her uncleanness.

Warn the Israelites of their uncleanness so that they will not die from their uncleanness by defiling my tabernacle, which is in their midst.

This is the ritual for a man who is unclean from a running sore or spontaneous emission of semen, a woman during her menstrual period, any person that has an unusual flow, whether man or woman, and any man who has sex with an unclean woman unclean.

After the death of Aaron's two sons who died when they approached Yahva, Yahva said to Moses: "Tell your brother Aaron not come at all times into the holy place within the veil, before the ark cover which is on the ark; else he will die when I appear in the cloud above the ark cover. Aaron shall come to the holy place with a young bull for a sin offering and a ram for a burnt offering. He shall wear the holy linen tunic, the linen breeches, the linen girdle, and the linen turban. They are holy garments. He shall bathe in water before he puts them on. He shall accept from the Israelite congregation two male goats for a sin offering and one ram for a burnt offering.

Aaron shall present the bull as a sin offering, as atonement for himself and his family. He shall set the two goats before Yahva at the meeting tent door. Aaron shall cast lots to determine which goats is for Yahva and which is for the demon Azazel. Aaron shall present Yahva's goat as a sin offering. But Azazel's goat shall be left alive as atonement and sent to Azazel in the desert. Thus Aaron presents the bull of the sin offering as atonement for himself and his family. When he has killed it and burnt it on the altar, he shall take a censer full of embers from the altar before Yahva with both hands full of finely ground sweet incense and bring it within the veil. He shall put the incense on the fire before Yahva so that the smoke of the incense shields the covered ark of the testimony, otherwise he will die. He shall sprinkle some blood of the bull seven times on the east side of the ark cover with his fingers.

Then he shall kill the goat as the sin offering for the people and bring its blood within the veil, and do with his blood as he did with the blood of the bull, sprinkling it on the ark cover and in front of the ark cover. He shall cleanse inner sanctuary because of the uncleanness of the Israelites caused by their transgressions including all their sins. He shall he do so for the meeting tent, that is erected among them in their uncleanness. No other person may enter the meeting tent until he purifies the holy place and come out, having made atonement for himself, his family, and the congregation of Israel. He shall go to the altar before Yahva and make atonement for it. He shall put of some of the bull's blood and he goat's blood on the horns around the altar, and shall sprinkle some blood on it with his fingers seven times to cleanse it and consecrate it from the uncleanliness of the Israelites.

When he has finished purifying the holy place, the meeting tent, and the altar. Aaron shall present the live goat before Yahva and, laying both hands on its head, confess all the sins and transgressions of the Israelites. Thus he puts them on the goat which shall be led away by an appointed man into the desert. The goat shall be freed go the into the desert bearing all their sins to a distant land.

Then Aaron shall go into the meeting tent, remove the linen garments, which he put on when he went into the inner sanctuary, and leave them there. After bathing his body in water in a sacred place and putting on his daily garments, he will then come out and offer his own and the people's burnt offerings as atonement for himself and the people. The fat of the sin offering shall be burnt on the altar.

The appointed man who led away the Azazel's goat shall wash his clothes and bathe his body in water, then he may return to the camp. The bull of the burnt offering and the goat of the sin offering, whose blood was used for atonement in the sanctuary, shall be taken outside the camp; and burnt in fire with the skins, meat, and dung. The person who burns them shall wash his clothes and bathe his body in water, then he may return to the camp.

This shall be an eternal law for you: on the tenth day of the seventh month, every Israelite or resident foreigner shall humble yourselves, and not work. For this is the day of atonement to cleanse you from all your sins so that you will be clean before Yahva. It is a sabbath of solemn rest on which you must humble yourselves; this is an eternal law.

An anointed and consecrated priest who succeeds his father shall wear the consecrated linen garments and make atonement for the inner sanctuary, the meeting tent, and the altar; also he shall make atonement for the priests and the congregation. This shall be an eternal law for you to atone for the sins of the Israelites during year." Moses did as Yahva commanded.

Yahva said to Moses; “Tell Aaron, his sons, and all the Israelites that Yahva has commanded; 'When any Israelite kills a bull, lamb, or goat, within or without the camp, and does not bring it to the door of the meeting tent as an offering to Yahva before the tabernacle, blood guilt shall be imputed to him. He has shed blood and shall expelled from his people. The Israelites shall bring their sacrifices, which they used to sacrifice in the open field, to Yahva at the door of the meeting tent, where the priest will sacrifice them as peace offerings to Yahva. The priest shall splash the blood against the altar at the door of the meeting tent and burn the fat for a pleasant aroma to Yahva. They shall no longer sacrifice to demons with whom they have defiled themselves. This shall be an eternal law for them.'

You shall tell them: 'If any Israelite or of the foreigner who resides among them offers a burnt offering or sacrifice without bringing it to the door of the meeting tent to sacrifice it to Yahva, that person shall be expelled from his people. If any Israelite or foreigner who resides among them, consumes blood prepared in any manner, I will scorn him and expel him from his people. For the essence of living flesh is in the blood. I permit you to use it for atonement on the altar. It is the blood that makes atonement by reason of its life. Therefore I say to the Israelites: No person shall consume blood, neither Israelite nor any foreigner who resides among you.

Anyone hunting, Israelite or foreigner, who kills any animal or fowl that may be eaten, he shall pour the blood on the ground and cover it with dirt. Blood is essential for life of all flesh; therefore I told the Israelites to not eat the blood of any animal. The life of all flesh is in the blood; anyone who eats it shall be expelled.

If any person, Israelite or foreigner, eats an animal dies of itself or was killed by other animals, he shall wash his clothes, bathe himself in water, and be unclean until the evening; then he shall be clean. But if he does not wash them nor bathe his body, then he shall bear punishment for his sin.'”

Yahva said to Moses; “Tell the Israelites ;' I am your God. You shall not do as they do in Egypt, where you once lived, nor shall you do as they do in the land of Canaan, where I am bringing you; neither shall you adopt their laws. You shall obey my decrees and my laws: I am your God. Obey my laws and decrees, for by doing so, you shall find life.

No one shall approach a near relative for sexual intercourse. Do not disgrace your father by having sexual intercourse with your mother. She is your mother; you shall not have intercourse with her. Do not have intercourse with your father's wife for that would disgrace your father. Do not have intercourse with your sister, the daughter of your father or mother, whether born at home, or born abroad. Do not have intercourse with your son's daughter or with your daughter's daughter; do not have intercourse with these, for their disgrace is your own disgrace. Do not have intercourse with the daughter of your father's wife, she is your sister. Do not have intercourse with your father's sister: she is your father's near kinswoman. Do not have intercourse with your mother's sister; she is your mother's near kinswoman. Do not have intercourse with your father brother. You shall not approach his wife: she is your aunt. Do not have intercourse with your daughter-in-law: she is your son's wife. Do not have intercourse with your brother's wife; it would disgrace your brother. Do not have intercourse with a woman and also her daughter, nor shall you have intercourse her son's daughter or her daughter's daughter, to uncover her nakedness: they are near kinswomen; it is shameful. While your wife is living do not marry her sister as a rival to her and have sexual intercourse with her.

Do not have intercourse with a woman during menstrual period. Do not have intercourse with your neighbor's wife, for it would defile your. Do not offer any of your offspring for immolation to Molech, thus profaning the name of your God. Do not have sexual contact men as with a woman; it is abomination. Do not have sex with any beast for it defiles you; neither shall any woman have sex with a beast; it is perversion.

Do not defile yourselves in any of these things; the people, whom I am expelling, defiled themselves by doing these things. The land became defiled and I punished it. The land vomited out its wicked inhabitants. Keep my laws and my decrees and avoid all these abominations; both the Israelites and the foreigner who resides among you. Doing these abominations, as the people previously did in this land done, will defile the land and it will vomit you out also as it vomited out the people that preceded you. Anyone who engages in any of these abominations—every person who does them—shall be expelled. Heed my laws and do not defile yourself with these abominable customs that were done in past ages. I am your God.'”

Yahva said to Moses; “Tell the congregation; 'Be holy for your God is holy. Every man shall revere his mother and father You shall keep my sabbath. Do not worship idols, nor mold statures as gods: I alone am your God. When you offer a peace offering sacrifice of to Yahva, offer it with the proper ritual. Eat it the day of the sacrifice or on the following day. Any that remains until the third day shall be burnt in fire. If any is eaten on the third day, it is desecrated and not acceptable to Yahva. Anyone who eats it shall bear the penalty for profaning something consecrated to Yahva and be expelled from his people. When you reap your crops, do not zealously reap the edges of your field to gather the gleaning of your harvest. Do not glean your vineyard nor gather the fallen fruit. Leave them for the poor and the wanderer.

Do not steal, cheat, nor lie to each other. Do not swear falsely by my name for that profanes the name of your God.

Do not oppress your neighbor nor rob him. Pay the wages of a hired worker at the end of the day. Do not insult the deaf nor cause the blind to stumble but fear your God.

Do not bias your judgment. Treat equally the poor and the rich, and judge your neighbor justly. Do not spread gossip among your people nor stand idly when your neighbor's life is endangered. I am your God.

Do not harbor hate secretly for your kin. Rebuke your neighbor openly so that you do not sin. Take no revenge nor bear any grudge against your people. Love your neighbor as yourself.

Keep my statutes. Do not breed your livestock with a different variety, nor sow your field with two varieties of seed. Do not wear any garment woven with two kinds of yarn mingled.

If anyone has sexual intercourse with a female slave, who was acquired by another man but not yet redeemed nor given her freedom, there shall be investigation. They shall not be killed because she has not been freed. He shall bring as reparation to Yahva at the meeting tent door; a ram for a guilt offering. The priest shall atone for him with the ram of the guilt offering before Yahva for his sin, then he is forgiven.

When you settle in the land and plant all kinds of fruit trees, for the first three years the fruit is forbidden; it must not be eaten. In the fourth year all the fruit is dedicated to praising Yahva. But in the fifth year may you eat the fruit so that it may yield abundantly to you.

Do not eat anything with blood in it. Do not practice divination or soothsaying. Do not trim your hair at the temples, nor mar the edges of your beard. Do not slash your flesh for the dead, nor tattoo yourself.

Do not degrade your daughter by making her a prostitute, otherwise the land will lewdly prostitute itself. Keep my sabbath and revere my sanctuary.

Do not invoke ghosts or consult spirits for you will be defiled by them. I am your God. Stand to honor the elderly and respect the old. Fear your God.

When a foreigner lives in your land, do not mistreat him. Treat the foreigner who lives with you as you do the Israelites. Love him as kin; for you were strangers in Egypt.

Do not cheat with false measurements of length, weight, or capacity. Use accurate balances, weights, ephahs, and hins. I am your God who brought you out of Egypt. You shall observe all my laws and decrees, and obey them. I am your God.'”

Yahva said to Moses; “Tell the Israelites: 'Anyone, Israelite or foreigner living in Israel, who sacrifices his child to Molech will be killed. The people shall stone him to death. I will withdraw my presence from that man and expel him from his people because he has sacrificed his child to Molech, which defiles my sanctuary and debases my holy name. If the people of the land condones sacrificing to Molech by not killing him, I will condemn that person, his family, and expel them. I will expel all persons who follow him by honoring Molech.

The persons who seeks ghosts or the familiar spirits to honor them, I will condemn and expel them from their people. Consecrate yourselves and be holy. Keep you my laws and obey them. I am Yahva who consecrates you.

Anyone who curses father or mother shall be killed; having cursed a parent he incurs blood guilt.

If a man commits adultery with another man's wife, both the adulterer and the adulteress shall be killed. The man that has sexual intercourse with his father's wife—he degrades his father—both of them shall be killed, they incur blood guilt. If a man has sex with his daughter-in-law, both of them shall be killed, they incur blood guilt; this is perversion. If a man has sexual intercourse with a man, it is an abomination; they shall be killed for their blood guilt. If a man has sex with his wife and her mother, it is depravity; burn all three in fire so that depravity is not among you. If a man has sex with an animal, kill him and the animal. If a woman approaches an animal for sex with it, kill the woman and the animal; they must die for their blood guilt is on them. If a man marries his sister, daughter of his father or mother, and has sexual intercourse with her, it is disgraceful; expel them from their people. Since he had sex with his sister, punish him for his depravity. If a man has sex with a woman during her menstrual period—he has exposed the source of her menstrual flow with connivance—both of them shall be expelled their people. If a man has sexual intercourse with the sister of his mother or father, he degraded his near kin and they shall be punished. If a man marries his uncle's wife—he has degraded his uncle—they shall be punished and they will die childless. If a man marries his brother's wife, he has degraded his brother, they will be childless.

Observe all my laws and decrees, obeying them so that the land, where I bring you, does not vomit you out. Do not follow the customs of the people, whom I am expelling from your land, because of their depravity I abhor them. I have said to you; "You shall inherit their land and I give it to you as a possession, a fertile and prosperous land." I am your God who have set you apart from other people. Separate clean animals from unclean and unclean fowl from clean. Do not make yourselves detestable by using unclean beast, fowl, or anything that swarms on the ground teems. Be holy to me for I am holy, and have set you apart from other people to be mine.

Kill any man or woman who divines through a ghost or a spirit; stone them to death for blood guilt is on them.'”

Yahva said to Moses; “Tell Aaron's sons, the priests; 'Let none of you defile himself for the dead among his kin except for his close kin; his mother, father, son, daughter, brother; and unmarried sister who has had no husband and lives with his family; for these he may defile himself. As a leader among his people, he shall not defile himself.

The priests shall not shave their heads nor shave the edges of their beard, nor lacerate their flesh. They shall be holy to their God and not profane their God's name; since they offer sacrifices to Yahva made by fire—the food of their God—they must be holy.

A priest shall not marry a woman debased by prostitution nor woman divorced from her husband for he must be holy to his God. Consecrate him, for he offers the food to your God; he must be holy as I who consecrates you, am holy.

If a priest's daughter debases herself by prostitution, she debases her father. Burn her with fire.

The chief priest, who has been anointed and consecrated to wear the special garments, shall not unbind his hair, nor tear his clothes. He shall not approach any dead body; not even his father or mother; neither shall he leave the sanctuary nor profane it. The consecration of the anointing oil of his God is on him: I am your God.

He shall marry only a virgin. He must not marry a widow, a divorcee, a debased woman, or a prostitute; but a virgin of his own people. He shall not debase himself by sexual intercourse with the women of his people; for I am Yahva who consecrated him.'”

Yahva said to Moses; “Tell Aaron; 'Throughout their generations none of your descendants who has a blemish shall approach to offer the food of his God. A man with any of these blemishes shall not approach: a blind man, a lame one, one who has anything maimed, anything too long, a man that is crooked foot, or crooked handed, or hunch back, a dwarf, a growth in his eye, afflicted with scabs, scurvy, or damaged testicles. No priest who has a blemish shall approach to sacrifice to Yahva. He has a blemish and may not approach to offer food to his God. He may eat the food of his God, both the most holy and the holy. But he shall not pass the veil nor approach the altar because he has a blemish so that he does not debase my holy places; for I consecrated them.'” Moses told this to Aaron, his sons, and all the Israelites.

Yahva said to Moses; “Tell Aaron and his sons, to treat with respect the holy offerings which the Israelites consecrate to me so that they do not profane my holy name.' Tell them; 'If any of you of your descendants approach the holy offerings which are consecrated to Yahva, while being unclean, that person will be refused my presence: I am your God.

If any descendant of Aaron is a leper or has a genital emission, he shall not eat from the holy offerings until he is clean. If anyone touches one who is unclean from touching the dead, touching one who has a genital emission, touching any swarming thing that would made him unclean, or touching an unclean person who could contaminate him. The person who touches any of these shall be unclean until the evening. He shall not eat from the holy things until he bathes his body in water.

When the sun sets, he shall be clean and afterward may eat from the offerings because it is his food. He shall not defile himself by eating any animal that dies of itself or is killed by other animals. I am your God.

They must obey my laws and perform my rituals, otherwise they will bear the punishment and die in their degradation. I am Yahva who consecrates them.

No common man may eat a sacred offering; a priest's tenant or a laborer may not eat it. But if a priest buys a slave with his own money, he may eat it as may anyone born in his house. If a priest's daughter marries to a common man, she shall not eat the food set apart as sacred. But if a priest's daughter becomes a widow or divorcee without having a child, and returns to her father's house, she may eat her father's food as she did in her youth. But no common man eat it. If a common man eats from the sacred food through error, then he shall add one fifth to it, and give it to the priest. They shall not degrade the sacred offerings of the Israelites which are set apart for Yahva; this would cause them to bear the penalty for their guilt, when they eat the sacred food. I am Yahva who consecrates them.'”

Yahva said to Moses; “Tell Aaron, his sons, and all the Israelites; 'Anyone, Israelite or foreigner, who brings a burnt or voluntary offering, for it to be accepted, he shall offer a bull, goat or sheep without blemish. Do not bring anything with a blemish for it would not be acceptable. Anyone who brings a sacrifice for a peace offerings to Yahva in fulfillment of a vow or a voluntary offering, it must be perfect, without any blemish. One that is blind, lame, maimed, has a wen, scabbed, or scurvy shall not be offered to Yahva nor brought before the altar of Yahva. A malformed bull or a lamb may be a voluntary offering; but for a vow it shall not be accepted. That which has its testicles bruised, crushed, torn, or cut, shall not offered to Yahva; neither shall you do thus in your land. Neither from the hand of a foreigner shall you offer the bread of your God of any of these, because their corruption is in them. There is a blemish in them, they shall not be accepted on your behalf.'”

Yahva said to Moses; “When a bull, sheep, or goat, is born, it shall remain for seven days with its mother; but on the eighth day and afterwards it may be accepted for a sacrifice to Yahva. Do not kill a cow or ewe on the same day as you kill its young. When you offer a thanksgiving sacrifice to Yahva, offer it in a manner that is acceptable. Eat it on the same day; leave none of it until morning.

Keep my laws and decrees and obey them. I am your God. Do not profane my holy name. I will be worshiped among the Israelites: I am Yahva who brought you out of Egypt consecrates you.”

Yahva said to Moses; “Tell the Israelites; 'The following festivals, for which you shall assemble in sacred convocations, are the sacred festivals of Yahva. You may work for six days; the seventh day is a sabbath of solemn rest, a holy convocation when no work may be done. It is a sabbath to Yahva wherever you may dwell.

These are the festivals sacred to Yahva which you shall celebrate on their appointed dates. Passover is celebrated at sunset on the fourteenth day of the first month. The next day is the feast of unleavened bread: For seven days eat unleavened bread only. On the first day, hold a sacred convocation during which you will do no common work. On each day for seven days, bring a sacrifice to Yahva; the seventh day is a sacred convocation during which you will do no common work.'” Yahva said to Moses; “Tell the Israelites; 'When you enter the land which I give you and reap the first harvest, bring a sheaf of the first harvest to the priest. He will wave the sheaf before Yahva so that it will be accepted for you. The priest will wave it on the morning after the sabbath. On that day, you shall offer an unblemished yearling male lamb as a burnt offering to Yahva. The bread offering shall be two tenths of an ephah of fine flour mingled with oil—a pleasant aroma to Yahva. The libation shall be a quarter of a hin of wine. Do not eat bread, parched grain, or fresh kernels until you have brought the offering to Yahva; it is an eternal law wherever you may live.

From the morning after the sabbath, the day you brought the sheaf, count 50 days; then bring a new bread offering to Yahva. For the new bread offering, bring from your dwellings, two loaves of two tenths of an ephah of fine flour baked with leaven. Present the bread with seven unblemished yearling lambs, one young bull, and two rams. They are a burnt offering to Yahva with their bread offering and oblations—a pleasant aroma to Yahva. Offer one goat for a sin offering, and two yearling lambs as peace offerings. The priest shall present the two lambs with the bread as a wave offering to Yahva; they are sacred to Yahva and belong to the priest. Proclaim a sacred convocation on that day; do no common work. This is an eternal law wherever you may live.

When you reap the harvest of your land, do not completely reap the edges of your field, nor glean your harvest. Leave them for the poor and the foreigner: I am your God.'”

Yahva said to Moses; “Tell the Israelites; 'The first day of the seventh month shall be a solemn rest to you, a sacred memorial proclaimed with trumpet blasts. Do no common work and bring a burnt offering to Yahva.'”

Yahva said to Moses;” The tenth day of the seventh month is the day of atonement. There shall be a holy convocation. Humble yourselves and bring a burnt offering Yahva. Do no common work on this day for it is a day of atonement in which you atone yourselves before Yahva. Anyone who does not humble himself on that day shall be expelled from his people. If anyone who does any common work on that day, I destroy him from among his people. It is an eternal law wherever you may live. It shall be to you a day of solemn rest. Humble yourselves and observe your sabbath on the ninth day of the month from sunset to sunrise.”

Yahva said to Moses;” Tell the Israelites; 'The fifteenth day of the seventh month is the feast of huts which lasts for seven days. The first day is a sacred convocation; do no common work. For seven days, bring a burnt offering to Yahva. The eighth day shall be a sacred convocation. Bring a burnt offering to Yahva. You shall do no common work.

These are the appointed seasons of Yahva which you shall proclaim to be sacred convocations and bring an offering to Yahva; a burnt offering, a bread offering, a sacrifice, and oblations as specified for each day, plus your gifts, all your vows, and all your voluntary offerings to Yahva. Observe and obey: On the fifteenth day of the seventh month, when you have harvested your crops, celebrate the feast of Yahva for seven days. The first and eighth days are for reverent rest. On the first day, take the sour fruit of citrus trees, branches of palm trees, boughs of leafy trees, and willows of the brook. Rejoice and feast before Yahva for seven days for seven days each year. This is an eternal law. All the Israelites shall dwell in huts so that your descendants will know that I made the Israelites dwell in huts when I brought them out of Egypt.'” Moses proclaimed the festival seasons of Yahva to the Israelites.

Yahva said to Moses; "Command the Israelites to bring pure refined olive oil for the lamp so that it will burn continually. In the meeting tent outside the veil of the tabernacle, Aaron shall maintain it from evening to morning; this is an eternal law. He shall maintain the lamps on the pure lamp stand continually.

Bake twelve loafs using two tenths of an ephah of fine flour for each loaf. Set them in two rows, six in a row, on the pure table before Yahva. Put pure frankincense with each row as a token burnt offering to Yahva. Every sabbath day he shall prepare it since it is an eternal covenant with the Israelites. It belongs to Aaron and his sons. They will eat it in a holy place since it is the most sacred of the burnt offerings to Yahva. This is an eternal law."

The son of an Israelites woman (Shelomith daughter of Dibri, of the tribe of Dan) and an Egyptian father publicly quarreled with an Israelite man. The son of the Israelites woman cursed the name of Yahva. So they brought him to Moses who kept him in custody until Yahva might declare his punishment. Yahva said to Moses; "Take the one who cursed outside the camp and when everyone who heard him has condemned him, then the entire congregation stone him. Tell the Israelites; Anyone, Israelite of foreigner, who curses Yahva or blasphemes his name shall be punished by stoning to death by the entire congregation.

Anyone who kills any man shall be killed. Anyone who kills a beast shall make restitution with an animal of equal value: life for life. If a person disables another person, he shall be punished by receiving an identical disability: limb for limb, eye for eye, tooth for tooth; the same that he inflicted on another. He who kills a beast shall make it good; and he that kills a man shall be put to death. One law shall apply to foreigner and Israelite, for I am your God."

Moses told the Israelites to take the one who cursed out of the camp and stone him to death. The Israelites did as Yahva commanded.

Yahva said to Moses on Mount Sinai; “Tell the Israelites; 'When you enter the land which I give you, let the land keep a sabbath. For six years your may sow your field, prune your vineyard, and harvest the crops. But the seventh year shall be a sabbath of solemn rest for the land, a sabbath to Yahva. Do not sow your field nor prune your vineyard. Do not gather that which sprouts by itself nor the grapes of untrimmed vine. It shall be a year of rest for the land. While the land has its sabbath, the natural growth on the land shall be food for you, your servant, laborer, and the foreigner who live with you; also for your livestock and the wild animals in your land.

Count seven weeks of years—seven times seven years—which amounts to 49 years. On the tenth day of the seventh month, proclaim the day of atonement with the ram's horn throughout the land. Treat the fiftieth year as sacred. Proclaim liberty for all inhabitants throughout the land. It is a jubilee to you when every man may return to his property and family. During the jubilee, do not sow, nor reap that which sprouts by itself, nor gather the grapes of untrimmed vines. Since it is a jubilee, it is sacred. You may eat only what the field yields by itself.

During this jubilee year, each person may return to his property. If you sell or buy your neighbor's land, do not cheat each other. Buy or sell based on the number of harvests until the next jubilee, increasing or decreasing the price based on the number of harvests. Do not cheat each other but fear your God.

Obey my laws and decrees; then you may dwell safely in the land. The land will yield fruit and you can eat until you are sated while dwelling in safety. If you should say; "What shall we eat during the seventh year it we may not sow nor reap our harvest?" I will bless you in the sixth year you so that can harvest produce for three years. In the eighth year you may sow and eat of stored food until the crops ripen at the start of the ninth year.

The land shall not be sold irrevocably since the land is mine. You are foreigners and my tenants. For all the land of your possession, you must permit redemption. If your kin becomes destitute and sells some of his property, his nearest kinsman may redeem that property. If he has have no one to redeem it but acquires sufficient wealth to redeem it, then let him deduct the years since the sale, and restore the surplus to the buyer. Then he may return to his possession. But if he does not have sufficient means to redeem it, buyer retains it until the jubilee. The sale expires in the jubilee, and the seller may return to his property.

If a man sells a residence in a walled city, he may redeem it within the year after it is sold. If it is not redeemed within the year, then the house belongs to the buyer forever; the sale does not expire in the jubilee. The houses in unwalled villages shall be considered as fields of the country. They may be redeemed and their sale expires in the jubilee.

For the houses which the Levites possess in their cities, they have a perpetual right of redemption. If anyone purchases property from the Levites in their city, the sale expires in the jubilee, for the houses in the cities of the Levites are their possession. The open land around their cities may not be sold; it is their property forever.

If your kin becomes destitute, then you must support him. Let him live as a foreigner and tenant with you. Fear your God and let your kinsman live with you. Do not lend him money on interest nor give him food expecting return. I am your God, who brought you out of Egypt to give you Canaan. If your kin becomes destitute and sells himself to you, do not treat him as a slave. Let him be as a hired servant and tenant. He shall live with you and serve with you until the jubilee. Then his children may leave you and return to his family on the property of his ancestors. They are my servants whom I brought out of Egypt. They must not be sold as slaves. You shall not treat him harshly, but fear your God.

You may acquire slaves from the surrounding nations. Also you may buy foreigners who live among you and their children who were born in your land. They may be your possession whom you may bequeath as property to your children. You may make them your slaves forever. But you shall not harshly rule over an Israelite.

If your destitute kin sells himself to the resident foreigner or to a descendant of a foreigner, he may be redeemed by any near kin or, if he acquires wealth, he may redeem himself. With the purchaser, they will calculate the number of years to the jubilee, distributing the sale price over the years as if they had been hired as laborers. The price of his redemption will be proportional to the years to the jubilee. The purchaser must treat him as he treats a yearly hired laborer. He shall not treat him harshly. If he is not redeemed by any of these means, then the sale will expire in jubilee and he with his children will be free. The Israelites are my servants whom I brought out of Egypt.

Do not make idols nor erect a carved statute or sacred pillar. Do not keep any carved stone on your land for worship. Keep my sabbath and revere my sanctuary. I am your God.

If you obey my laws and decrees, then I will give you seasonal rains. The land and trees will yield their abundant harvest, and the trees of the field shall yield their fruit. Your harvest will last until the vintage time and the vintage will last to sowing time. You may eat your food until you are full and safely dwell in your land. I will establish peace in the land where you may lie in rest without anxiety. I will expel dangerous animals from your pastures. War will nor ravage the land. You will rout your enemies, and they will fall before your sword. Five of you will destroy 100, and 100 of you will destroy 10,000. I will favor you, making you fruitful and numerous as my covenant with you ordains. You may eat oldest stored harvest and you will have to discard the oldest to make room for the newest harvest. I will erect my tabernacle among you and will not loathe you. Always present among you, I will be your God and you will be my people. I am your God, who brought you out of Egypt where you were slaves, breaking your yoke so that you can walk freely.

But if you will not heed me or my laws; if you loath my decrees, if you will not obey my commandments, but ignore the covenant with me; I will do this to you. I will bring terror to you with consumption and fever to make your eyes fail, and languish your essence. You may sow your seed in vain while your enemies eat your harvest. I will reject you and permit your enemies to oppress you. Your enemies will enslave you. You shall flee even when no one pursues you. If after all you will not obey me, I will increase the punishment for your sins seven fold. I will break the pride of your presumed strength. I will make the sky over you as hot iron, and the soil under your feet as brass. Your labor will be wasted in vain for your land will yield no harvest, nor the trees yield fruit.

If you continue to oppose me and not heed me; I will bring sevenfold more plagues on you because of your sins. I will send wild animals among you to ravage your children and destroy your livestock. Your population will wither away and your roads will be deserted.

If, after all this, you will not accept my direction, but continue to oppose me; then I will also oppose you; and I, your God!, will torment you seven times for your sins. I will bring war to you, to avenge the covenant. Although you may huddle together in your walled cities, I will send the epidemic among you until you are forced to surrender to the enemy. When I cut off your source of grain, ten women will need only one oven to bake the bread they dole out as rations—not food sufficient to quiet your hunger.

If still you will not heed me after all this, but continue to oppose me; then I will oppose and chastise you with fury sevenfold for your sins. You will eat your children. I will destroy your temples, cut down your totem poles, and cast your corpses on the rubble of your idols. I will abhor you with all my essence. I will waste your cities and demolish your temples. I will ignore the sweet aroma of your sacrifices and make the land infertile. Your enemies that dwell around you will be astonished. I will chase you with the sword to scatter you among foreign nations. Your land will be barren and your cities abandoned. As long as the land lies barren while you are in your enemies' land, the land will receive its sacred rest and recuperate from its lost sabbaths. As long as it lies barren, it will rest as it did not when you lived in it.

As for the remnant of you, I will send an impotence to their spirit in foreign lands such that the sound of a windblown leaf will terrorize them. They will flee as one from the sword, falling and stumbling over each other when no one pursues. You will not have the least power to oppose your enemies. You will perish among foreign nations, absorbed by your enemies. The remnant of you will wither away in foreign lands for their guilt, and that of their ancestors.

They shall confess their guilt, and that of their ancestors, in the treachery against me, and their hostility to my laws. I will return their hostility, bringing them to the land of their enemies. When their unrepentant spirit is humbled, and they atone for their guilt, then I will remember my covenant with Jacob, Isaac, and Abraham. Also I will remember the land. For the land lies barren without them and receives its rest while it is desolate. They, too, may repay the debt of their guilt of rejecting my laws and their ignoring my decrees. Yet even so, when they are in foreign lands I will not totally reject nor abhor them, to the extent of annihilating them, for that would void my sacred covenant with them. For their sake, I will remember the covenant of their ancestors, whom I rescued from Egypt in view of all nations, so that I might be their God.'”

These are the laws and decrees which Yahva gave the Israelites on Mount Sinai by the hand of Moses.

Value of Person
Age Male Female
years Silver
shekels
Silver
shekels
1 month to 5 5 3
5 to 20 20 10
20 to 60 50 30
Over 60 15 10

Yahva said to Moses; “Tell the Israelites; 'When a man vows the equivalence of a person to Yahva, use this scale in silver shekels, using to the sanctuary standard. But if he is too poor for this valuation, bring him to the priest who will assess him according to what he can afford.

If an animal is promised to Yahva it will be sacred. He shall not exchange it for another, better or worse than the one he had promised. If he must exchange the animal for another, then both are sacred.

If an unclean beast (one that cannot be sacrificed to Yahva) is promised, then its value will be assessed by the priest. The priest must assess it, considering its good and bad characteristics. The priest's assessment will be its value. If the person offering it desires redeem it, he must pay one fifth more than the value.

When a person consecrates his house as sacred to Yahva, the priest shall assess its value, considering its good and bad characteristics. The priest's assessment will be its value. If the person who consecrated it wishes to redeem his house, he must pay one fifth more than the value. Then it will again belong to him.

If a man consecrates to Yahva part of a field of his ancestral possession, then its value will be according to the quantity of seed needed to sow it; an omer of barley will be valued at fifty shekels of silver. If he consecrates his field during the year of jubilee, the full assessment value will be used. But if he consecrates it after the jubilee, then the priest will prorate the assessment according to the years that remain to the jubilee to determine the value. If he wishes to redeem the field, he must pay one fifth more than the value. Then it will again belong to him. If he does not want to redeem the field, or has sold it to another man, it cannot be redeemed in the future. When the sale of the field expires at the next jubilee, it is sacred to Yahva, as a field condemned. It becomes a possession of the priest.

If a person consecrates a field to Yahva which he has bought, but is not a portion of his ancestral possession, the priest shall assess its value to him based on the years until the jubilee. He shall give that value to the priest on the day the assessment is made. It is sacred to Yahva. In the year of jubilee the field will revert the person who owns the field through ancestral possession.

All your assessments shall be according to the shekel of the sanctuary; twenty gerahs in a shekel.

The first born animals are consecrated to Yahva at birth, no one may consecrate them—beef or sheep—since they already belong to Yahva. An unclean animal may be ransomed at the assessed value plus a fifth. If it is not redeemed, it will be sold at the assessed value.

Notwithstanding, anything that has been condemned in accordance with the laws Yahva—whether person, animal, or ancestral land of his inheritance, may be sold or redeemed. Every condemned thing is sacred to Yahva. Condemned persons shall not be ransomed; they shall be killed as the laws require.

All the tithe of the land, whether of the harvest or of the fruit of the tree, is Yahva's; it is consecrated to Yahva. If a man wishes to redeem any of his tithe, he shall add to it the fifth part. All the tithe of the herd or the flock that is pastured, a tenth shall be holy to Yahva. He shall not inquire whether it be good or bad, he shall not exchange it; but if he should exchange it, then both it and that for which it is exchanged shall be consecrated; it shall not be redeemed.

These are the commandments, which Yahva gave to Moses for the Israelites at Mount Sinai.



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