The Gospel of Mark

The beginning of the ministry of Jesus the Christ, son of Yahva. Even as written in Isaiah the prophet;

I send my messenger to prepare your way.

The voice of one crying in the wilderness;

"Prepare the way of the Lord.

Make his paths straight."

John resided in the wilderness, preaching remission of sins through repentance and baptism. Many people from Judaea and Jerusalem came for baptized by him in the Jordan River after confessing their sins. John wore camel's hair clothes with a wide leather belt. He ate locusts and wild honey. He Proclaimed; "One, mightier than I, is coming after me. I am unworthy to loosen his sandals. I baptize you in water; he will baptize you in the holy essence."

One day Jesus came from Nazareth of Galilee to be baptized by John. As he came out of the water, he saw the heavens torn asunder and the essence, in the form of a dove, descended on him. A voice came out of the sky; "You are my beloved son in whom I am well pleased." Immediately the essence drove him into the wilderness where he was tempted for forty days by the evil one. He lived with the wild beasts while the angels cared for him.

After John was arrested, Jesus came to Galilee, preaching the message of Yahva; "The time is fulfilled and the kingdom of Yahva is near. Repent and believe the message."

Passing along the sea of Galilee, he saw the fishermen Simon and his brother Andrew casting nets into the sea. Jesus said to them; "Follow me and I will make you fishers of men." They left their nets and followed him. Going a little further, he saw James and John, sons of Zebedee in a boat mending nets. He called them; they followed him, leaving their father and hired servants in the boat.

They went to Capernaum and, on the Sabbath, entered the synagogue and taught. The priests were astonished for he taught as one having authority, not as scribes. A man in the synagogue was possessed by an evil spirit who cried out; "Jesus, the Nazirite, have you come to destroy us? I know who you are; selected one of Yahva." Jesus rebuked him; "Be quite and leave him." The evil spirit left him; crying in a loud voice. They were amazed and discussed it among themselves; "Is this a new teaching? He commands even the evil spirits to obey him." His fame rapidly spread throughout Galilee.

They left the synagogue and went to the house of Simon and Andrew with James and John. Simon's mother-in-law was sick with a fever. When they told him of her, he took her by the hand and raised her. The fever left her and she served them. Until sunset they brought the sick and possessed. All the city gathered at the door. He healed many of the sick and cast out demons. He did not permit the demons to speak.

In the morning, well before dawn, he arose and went into the desert to pray. Simon and the others followed him. When they found him, they said; "Everyone is seeking you." He replied; "Let us go to other towns so that I may teach there. This is why I came." He went to synagogues throughout Galilee, teaching and casting out demons. A leper came to him, begging, kneeling, and asking; "Will you heal me?" Being moved with compassion, he touched him, saying; "I will heal you." Immediately he was free from leprosy. Jesus sent him to the priest, saying to him; "Tell no one of this but show yourself to the priest, offering for your healing the sacrifices which Moses commanded." But he told everyone he met and spread the story abroad so that Jesus could no longer openly enter a city but lived in the desert. Still they came to him from every direction.

When he later returned to Capernaum, it was rumored that he was at home. Many gathered until there was no room for them, not even outside the door. He spoke the message to them. Four men came carrying a paralytic. When they could not approach him through the crowd, they removed the roof and lowered the bed with the paralytic. Jesus, seeing their faith, said to the paralytic; "Your sins are forgiven." Scribes sitting there contemplated; "Why does this man speak this way? He blasphemes! Who can forgive sins except Yahva?" Jesus, perceiving the essence that they contemplated, said to them; "Why do these things concern you? Which is easier to say to the sick; 'Your sins are forgiven;' or to say, 'Arise, take your bed and walk?' So that you may understand that the son of man has authority to forgive sins, I say; 'Arise, take up your bed and go home.'" He arose, took the bed, and left. They were amazed and praised Yahva, saying; "We have never seen anything like this."

He again went to the seaside. The crowd followed him and he taught them. As he walked, he saw Levi, son of Alphaeus, sitting at a tax booth. Jesus said to him; "Follow me," so he followed. Once as he was eating, many tax-collectors and sinners joined Jesus and his disciples. Many of them continued to follow him. When the Pharisees scribes saw him eating with sinners and tax-collectors, they asked his disciples; "Why does he eat and drink with tax-collectors and sinners?" When Jesus heard, he replied; "The healthy have no need of a physician, but the sick do. I came not to teach the righteous, but sinners." John's disciples and the Pharisees were fasting. They asked; "Why do John's disciples and the Pharisees fast, but your disciples do not?" Jesus answered; "Can the friends of the groom fast, while the he is with them? As long as they have the bridegroom, they cannot fast. But the days will come when the groom shall be taken away from them: They will fast then. No man sews a piece of new cloth on an old garment: It would shrink and rip the new from the old, making a worse tear. No man puts new wine into old wineskins: The wine would burst the skins; the wine and skins would be lost."

Once when he was walking through grain fields on the sabbath with his disciples, they began to pluck the ears as they went. The Pharisees saw them and asked; "Why do they break the sabbathical law?" He replied; "Did you never read what David did when he was needy and was hungry along with his companions? How he entered into the temple when Abiathar was high priest, and ate the consecrated bread which is forbidden except for priests. He also gave it to his companions. He continued; "The sabbath was made for man, and not man for the Sabbath. The son of man is lord even of the sabbath."

He again entered a synagogue where a man had a withered his hand. They watched him to see if he would heal on the Sabbath so they could accuse him. He told the man with a withered hand to stand. Then he said to them; "Is it lawful day to do good or harm on the sabbath? To save a life, or kill?" They remained silent. He looked on them with anger, being grieved at their obstinance. He said to the man; "Stretch forth your hand." The man did and his hand was cured. The Pharisees plotted with the Herodians to destroy him.

Jesus with his disciples withdrew to the sea. Many from Galilee, Judaea, Jerusalem, and Idumaea followed. A great multitude, who had heard the great things he did, came to him. He told his disciples to have a boat waiting for him because the crowd could crush him. He had healed many who had diseases. They pressed close to touch him. When evil spirits saw him, they fell before him, crying; "You are the son of Yahva." He restrained them so they could not reveal him.

He went to the mountain, inviting those he wished to go with him. He selected twelve to travel with him and teach under his direction. He gave them authority to expel demons. Simon he nicknamed Peter and his brother Andrew; James and John sons of Zebedee, were nicknamed Boanerges, meaning, sons of thunder. He also selected Philip, Bartholomew, Matthew, Thomas, James the son of Alphaeus, Thaddaeus Jude, Simon the Zelot, and Judas Iscariot who would later betray him.

He came to a house and the multitude gathered again, so close that they could not even eat. When his friends heard, they surrounded him; saying: "He is distressed." The scribes Jerusalem said; "He is possessed by the chief demon. He expels demons by the prince of the demons." He called them and taught them in parables; "How can Satan cast out Satan? If a kingdom is divided, that kingdom cannot stand. If a house is divided, that house cannot stand. If Satan rise against himself, he cannot stand but ceases to exist. No one can enter the house of the strong man and steal his goods unless he first binds the strong man; only then can he rob the house. I say to you. All sins and curses may be forgiven to the sons of men, but anyone who curses the essence of Yahva is never forgiven; he is guilty of an eternal sin because they said he has an evil spirit."

His mother and his brothers came, calling him. A multitude was sitting about him said; "See, your mother and brothers seek you." He answered; "Who is my mother and my brothers?" Looking at them, he said; "Observe, my mother and my brethren! Whoever does the will of Yahva is my brother, sister, or mother."

Again he began to teach by the sea side. A very great multitude gathered. He entered into a boat, and sat in the sea; the multitude was on the sea shore. He taught them many things in parables, saying; "Listen, the planter sowed. As he sowed, some seed fell by the way side and birds devoured it. Other fell on rocky ground where it sprouted but earth was too thin. When the sun rose, it was scorched and withered. Still other fell among the thorns which choked it, so it yielded no fruit. Some fell on the good ground and yielded abundantly; yielding thirtyfold, sixtyfold, or a hundredfold." He said; "Who has ears, let him hear."

When they were alone, the twelve and those with him, asked about the parables. He said to them; "You are given the mystery of the kingdom of Yahva but to others, all things are done in parables. They may look but not perceive; they may listen but not understand; they might turn away after being forgiven". He continued; "Do you not understand this parable? How can you understand any parable? The sower sows the message. Those by the wayside where it is sown; when they have heard, evil comes and takes away the message. In like manner are those sown on the rocky places; when they have heard the word, receive it with joy, but have no root in themselves so it endures for a while but when tribulation or persecution arises, they stumble. Others are those sown among the thorns; they have heard the word but the cares of the world, the deceitfulness of riches, and the lusts of other things, choke the word so it fails. Those on good ground understand the word and accept it, and bear fruit thirtyfold, and sixtyfold, or a hundredfold."

He said; "Is the lamp brought to be put under the bushel, or under the bed, and not to be put on the stand? There is nothing hidden that will not be discovered nor any secret not revealed. Any man who has ears, let him hear." He continued; "Heed what you hear; you will be judged as you judge. More will be given to one who understands. More will be taken from one who does not understand, even the least he has." He continued; "So is the kingdom of Yahva. If a man casts seed on the earth and watched it night and day, thee seed will sprout and grow but he does not know how. The earth bears fruit of herself; first the blade, then the ear, then the full grain in the ear. When the fruit is ripe, he harvests it."

He said; "How shall we describe the kingdom of God? In what parable shall we set it forth? It is like a grain of mustard seed, which is the smallest seed, yet grows to become greater than all the plants. It puts out great branches so that the birds of the sky can lodge under its shadow." With many such parables, he spoke to the people so they could understand; but never except in a parable. Privately to his disciples, he expounded all things.

On one day, at sunset, he said to them; "Let us go to the other side." Leaving the multitude, they took him with them in the boat. Other boats followed them. A great windstorm arose and the waves splashed into the boat, so that the boat was flooding. He was in the stern asleep on a cushion. They woke him, saying; "Teacher, do you not care if we perish?" He awoke, rebuked the wind, and said to the sea; "Peace, be still," and the wind ceased with a great calm. He said unto them; "Why are you fearful? Do you still lack faith?" They feared greatly, saying to each other; "Who is this that the wind and sea obey?"

They crossed the sea to Gerasenes. As he left boat, a man with an unclean spirit who lived in the tombs, came to meet him. He had often been bound with fetters and chains which he broke in pieces. No man had strength to tame him. Always, night and day, in the tombs and mountains, he screamed and cut himself with stones. When he saw Jesus from afar, he prostrated himself; crying in a loud voice; "What have I to do with you, Jesus, son of Yahva? I curse you, do not torment me." Jesus said to him; "Come forth, you unclean spirit, out of the man." He asked him; "What is your name?" he replied; My name is Legion for we are many." He begged that they would not be sent out of the country. A large herd of swine were feeding on the mountain side. They pleaded; "Send us into the swine. He gave them leave. The unclean spirits came out and entered the swine; the herd rushed down the slope into the sea and drowned, about 2,000 of them.

The feeders of the swine fled to tell the city and the country. The people came to see what had happened. They come to Jesus and saw the one once possessed with demons sitting, clothed and sane, although he had been possessed by legions. They were afraid when they heard what happened to the one possessed with demons and to the swine. They begged him to depart from their land. As he was entering the boat, the formerly possessed asked to go with him. He denied him, saying; "Go to your house and friends. Tell them the great things Yahva has done for you and his mercy." He went his way and began to describe in Decapolis the great things Jesus had done for him. All men marveled.

When Jesus again crossed to the other side, a multitude gathered to him by the sea. Jairus, one of the rulers of the synagogue came; and seeing him, he fell at his feet, begging him; "My little daughter is near death. Please come and touch her so that she will recover and live." Jesus went with him with a multitude following and crowding around him.

A woman had bleeding from the womb for twelve years. She had suffered treatments of many physicians at the cost all she owned without any healing, but rather grew worse. Having heard of Jesus, she came with crowd behind him and touched his garment. She believed that touching his garments would cure her. Immediately, the bleeding ceased and she felt healed. Jesus, perceiving that his power had gone forth, turned around in the crowd, saying; "Who touched my garments?" His disciples said; "You see the multitude and ask; "Who touched me?" He looked around to see who had done this. The trembling woman, knowing what had been done, fell before him and told him the truth. He said to her; "Daughter, your faith has cured you; go in peace, free from the plague."

While he spoke, people came from the synagogue ruler's house saying; "Your daughter is dead: why further trouble the Teacher?" Ignoring them, Jesus said; "Do not fear, only believe." He allowed no one to follow him, except Peter, James, and John. They went to the house of the ruler of the synagogue where he saw a tumult with many weeping and wailing. When he entered, he said; "Why do you make a tumult and weep? The child is not dead, but only sleeps." They laughed at him in scorn. But, having expelled everyone except the father and mother of the child and those with him, he goes to the child. Taking the child by the hand, he said to her; "Talitha cumi;" means, "Damsel, I say to thee, Arise." The girl arose and walked; she was twelve years old. They were greatly amazed. He ordered them to tell no one, but to give her something to eat.

Jesus left there and went to his own country with his disciples following. On the sabbath he began to teach in the synagogue. Many hearing him were astonished, saying; "Where has this man received this knowledge? What is the wisdom that is given to him? What does such mighty works done by his hands signify? Is not this the carpenter, the son of Mary, and brother of James, Joses, Judas, and Simon? Are not his sisters here with us?" They were offended in him. Jesus said to them; "A prophet is not without honor, except in his own country among his own kin, and in his own house." He could do no mighty work there, except heal a few sick people. He marveled at their unbelief. He went around the villages teaching.

He called the twelve to him, and started to send them in pairs. He gave them authority over the unclean spirits. He ordered them to take nothing for their journey except a staff only: no bread, no wallet, no money in their purse; and to wear sandals. He said; Do not wear two coats." He said; "Whenever you enter a house, stay there until you depart. If a place will not receive or hear you, leave there. Shake off the dust under your feet as a warning to them. They traveled and preached that men should repent. They cast out many demons and anointed the sick with oil, and healed them.

King Herod heard for his name had become known. He said; "John the Baptizer is risen from the dead and does these work." Others said; "It is Elijah." while others said; He is a prophet like one of the old prophets." Herod, when he heard, said; "John, whom I beheaded. He is risen." Herod had captured John and bound him in prison for the sake of Herodias, his brother Philip's wife whom he had married. John said to Herod; "It is not lawful for you to have your brother's wife." Herodias opposed him and desired to kill him. She could not for Herod feared John, knowing that he was a righteous and holy man. He kept him safe. When he heard him, he was very perplexed; and he listened gladly. When his birthday came, Herod had a feast for his lords, high captains, and chief men of Galilee. When the daughter of Herodias danced, she pleased Herod and all the guests. The king said to the girl; "Ask of me whatever you want and I will give it to you." He swore to her: Whatever you ask of me, I will give it you, even half of my kingdom. She went to her mother, asking; "What shall I ask?" She said; "The head of John the Baptizer." She returned in haste to the king and, when asked, said; "Give me the head of John the Baptist on a platter. The king was very sorry, but would not reject her for his oaths and his guests. The king sent a soldier of his guard with orders to bring John's head. He beheaded him in the prison, brought the head on a platter, and gave it to the girl who gave it to her mother. When his disciples heard thereof, they took his corpse and laid it in a tomb.

The apostles came to Jesus telling him everything they had done and taught. He said to them; "Come into an empty place to rest awhile:" There were so many people coming and going that there was no time eat a quiet meal. They went in a boat to a quiet place. When the people saw them leave, many who knew them followed on foot from the towns and arrived before them. Jesus saw the crowd with compassion, because they were like sheep without a shepherd. He began to teach them many things.

Near sunset his disciples came to him, saying; "This place is deserted and the day is almost over. Send them away so that they may go to the area around here and buy food for themselves." But he answered; "Give them food." They replied; "Shall we go and buy two hundred denarii worth of bread for them to eat?" He asked; "How many loaves have you?" They counted five of bread and two of fish. He asked everyone to sit on in groups on the green grass. They sat in groups 0f 50 to 100. He took the loaves and fish, and looking to the sky, he blessed and broke the loaves. The disciples distributed them the bread and fish to the people. All the people ate until sated. After the meal, they collected the remaining food; twelve basketfuls. 5,000 people had eaten.

Jesus called his disciples to enter the boat and precede him to Bethsaida on the other side, while he dispersed the crowd. After he left them, he went to the mountain to pray. At dusk, the boat was far from the lake shore while he was alone on the land. The wind was against them and they were rowing with difficulty. In the early morning hours, he came to them, walking on the water. He would have passed by them but, when they saw him walking on the water, they imagined that it was a ghost and cried out; for they all saw him, and were disturbed. He immediately spoke to them; "It is I! Be happy without fear." He boarded the boat and the wind ceased. They were amazed for they did not understand the feeding of the people, but they became obdurate.

They crossed to the shore at Gennesaret. When they come out of the boat, the people recognized him and brought the sick from the area; even carrying them in their beds. Wherever he entered villages, cities, or the country; they laid the sick in the marketplaces and pleaded that they might touch even the hem of his garment. All who touched him were healed. Pharisees and some scribes from Jerusalem came to him. They saw that some of his disciples ate their bread with unwashed hands. (The Pharisees and pious Jews do not eat until they wash their hands diligently, obeying the tradition of the elders. When they return from the market place they do not eat until they bathe. They have many other rules concerning washings of cups, pots, and brass vessels.) The Pharisees and scribes ask him; "Why do your disciples not obey the tradition of the elders, but eat their bread with defiled hands?" He replied; "Well did Isaiah prophesy of you hypocrites, as it is written; 'These people honor me with their lips but not their inner being. In vain they worship me, teaching as their doctrines the precepts of men.' You leave the commandment of Yahva to follow the tradition of men." He said; "You completely reject the commandment of Yahva, to keep your tradition. Moses said 'Honor thy father and thy mother;' and; 'He who dishonors of father or mother, let him die;' but you say; 'If a man says to his father or his mother; 'However you might have been profited by me is a gift to Yahva;' You no longer require him to do anything for his father or mother;' making void the word of Yahva by your tradition, which you have delivered: and many such like things you do."

He again called the multitude to him, saying; "Listen to me and understand: nothing going into a man can defile him but things coming out of him can defile him. If any man has ears, let him hear."

When he entered a house to escape the multitude, his disciples asked about the parable. He replied; "Do you lack understanding also? Do you not know that whatever goes into the man, goes into his belly, not his essence, and leaves into the latrine?" (Thus he made all food clean.) He continued; "That which comes out of the man can defile him, for evil thoughts come from the inner essence: fornication, theft, murder, adultery, coveting, pride, wickedness, railing, deceit, lasciviousness, cursing, foolishness. All these evil things come from within and defile the man."

Then he arose and went to the borders of Tyre and Sidon where he entered a house. He wanted no one to know but he could not be hidden. Having heard of him, a woman, whose little daughter had an unclean spirit, came and fell at his feet. She was a Greek, a Syro-phoenician by race. She begged him to cast out the demon. He said; "Let the children first be filled. It is not proper to take the children's bread and throw it to the dogs." She answered, "Lord; even the dogs under the table eat the children's crumbs." He replied; "For this saying, go your way; the demon is gone from your daughter." She went to her house and found the child in bed with the demon gone.

Again he left the borders of Tyre and came through Sidon to the borders of Decapolis on the sea of Galilee. They brought to him a deaf person who had a speech impediment. They begged Jesus to touch him. He took him away from the multitude then put his fingers in his ears and spat. Jesus touched his tongue and looking up to the sky, he sighed. He said; "Ephphatha - Be opened." His ears were opened and his tongue was freed so that he spoke easily. He instructed them to tell no 0ne: but the more he instructed them, the more they spread the story. They were astonished beyond measure, saying; "He has done very well, making the deaf hear and the mute speak."

In those days, when there was again a large crowd with nothing to eat, he called his disciples; "I have compassion on the multitude for they followed me for three days and now have nothing to eat. If I send them to their home without food, they may faint on the way for some have come from a distance." His disciples answered; "How shall can we feed these men in this desert place?" He asked; "How many loaves do you have?" They said; "Seven." He told the crowd to sit on the ground. After giving thanks, he broke the seven loaves and gave the bread to his disciples and they placed them before the crowd. They had a few small fish and, having blessed them, he ordered that they be set before the crowd. They ate until filled, then collected seven baskets of broken pieces that remained. He sent 4,000 people to their homes.

He boarded the boat with his disciples and came to the region of Dalmanutha. The Pharisees came to question him, seeking from him a sign from heaven. He sighed deeply, saying; "Why does this generation seek a sign? I tell you that no sign will be given to this generation." He again boarded the boat, going to the other side. They forgot to take food; they did have not have more than one loaf with them. He instructed them, saying; "Beware the leaven of the Pharisees and Herod." They discussed among themselves; "We have no bread." Jesus perceiving it said; "Why discuss that you have no bread? Do you neither see nor understand? Has your spirit hardened? Having eyes, do you do not see and having ears, do you do not hear? Do you not remember? When I broke five loaves among the 5.ooo, how many baskets of broken pieces did you collect?" They answered; "Twelve." "When seven loaves were given to the 4,000, how many baskets did you collect?" They replied; "Seven." He said; "Do you still not understand?"

They came to Bethsaida where a blind man was brought to him, begging Jesus to touch him. He took the blind man by the hand and led him out of the village. After he spit on his eyes and touched him, he asked; "Do you anything?" He looked and said; "I see people as trees, walking." Again he touched the eyes and his vision was restored; he saw everything clearly. Jesus sent him to his home, saying; "Do not even enter the village."

Jesus went, with his disciples to the villages of Caesarea Philippi. On the way he asked his disciples; "Who do the people say that I am?" They replied, "Some say John the Baptist," others; "Elijah," yet others; "One of the prophets." He asked; Who do you say I am?" Peter answered; "You are the Christ." He ordered them to tell no one of this.

He taught them that the son of man must suffer many things and be rejected by the elders, chief priests, and scribes. He will be killed, and after three days, rise again. He spoke the saying openly. Peter began to rebuke him. But he turning, and seeing his disciples, rebuked Peter, saying; "Get behind me, Satan." You do not consider things of Yahva but the things of men. He had his disciples to assemble the crowd and said to them; "If any man would follow me, let him deny himself, take his burden, and follow me. Anyone who would save his life, will lose it. If anyone loses his life for my sake, the word of Yahva will save it. What is the profit to gain the whole world but forfeit his life? What would a man give in exchange for his life? Anyone ashamed of me and of my words in this adulterous and sinful generation, the son of man shall be ashamed of him when he comes to the glory of Yahva with the holy angels. I say to you, some here will not die before they see the kingdom of Yahva with his power."

After six days, Jesus took Peter, James, and John to a high mountain. He was radiant to them with his garments glistering, whiter than any laundry can whiten them. Elijah with Moses appeared to them, talking with Jesus. Peter said to Jesus; "Rabbi, it is good for us to be here. Let us make three tabernacles; one for you, one for Moses, and one for Elijah." He did not know what to say for they became very afraid. A cloud overshadowed them and a voice came out of the cloud; "This is my beloved son, listen to him." Suddenly they saw no one except Jesus with themselves. As they were coming down the mountain, he ordered them to tell no one what they had seen, until the son of man rises from the dead. They kept discussing among themselves what rising again from the dead would mean. They asked him; "Why do the scribes say that Elijah must come first?" He replied; "Elijah indeed comes first to restores all things; it is written of the son of man, that he should suffer many things and be considered as nothing? But I say unto you that Elijah has come and they have also done to him as they wished, as it is written."

When they came to the disciples, a large crowd surrounded them. The scribes questioning them. When the crowd saw Jesus, they were amazed and rushed to greet him. He asked them; "What do you ask them?" One of the crowd answered him; "Rabbi, I brought my son who was possessed an evil spirit to you. When it possessed him, it threw him down; he foamed, ground his teeth, and fainted.7 I begged your disciples to cast it out but they were unable." He answered, saying; "O faithless generation, how long will I be with you? How long will I bear you? Bring him unto me." They brought him and when he saw Jesus, the spirit tore him grievously. He fell to the ground and wallowed, foaming. Jesus asked his father; "How long has this afflicted him?" he replied; "From childhood. Often it threw him into fire and into water. If you can do anything, have compassion on us and help us." Jesus replied; "'If you can!' All things are possible to him that believes." The father cried, saying; "I believe; help my disbelief. When Jesus saw that a multitude crowded together, he rebuked the evil spirit; "You evil spirit, I command you: Leave him! Never enter again." Having cried and afflicted him, it left. The boy then appeared dead. Many said; "He is dead." Jesus took his hand and he arose.

When he came into the house, his disciples asked him privately; "Why could we not expel it?" He said; "Nothing can expel this kind except by prayer."

They went through Galilee. He did not want anyone to know it. He taught his disciples; "The son of man will be betrayed into the hands of men who will kill him. Three days after he is killed, he will arise." They did not understand and were afraid to ask him.

They came to Capernaum. When they were in the house, he asked them; "What were you discussing on the way?" They did not reply for they had argued who was the greatest. He sat and called the twelve and said to them; "If any man would be first, he will be last, and servant of all." He placed a little child among them and, taking him in his arms, he said; "Anyone who receives a little child in my name, receives me. Anyone who receives me, receives not only me, but him that sent me."

John said unto him; "Rabbi, we saw one casting out demons in your name whom we forbade because he was not one of us." Jesus said; "Do not forbid him for no person who does mighty work in my name can speak evil of me. Anyone not against us is for us. Anyone who gives you a cup of water to drink, because you are Christ's, truly he shall in not lose his reward. Anyone who causes one of these little ones to falter in belief, it would be better for him to have a large millstone about his neck and cast into the sea. If your hand causes you to disbelieve, cut it off: it is better live maimed than to go to hell with two hands. If your foot causes you to disbelieve, cut it off: it is better to live lame, than to go to hell with two feet. If your eye causes you to disbelieve, pluck it out: it is better to enter the kingdom of Yahva with one eye, than go to hell with two. Every one shall be salted with fire. Salt is good, but if salt loses its saltiness, how will you season with it? Have salt in yourselves and be at peace.

He went to the border of Judaea and beyond the Jordan. Crowds gathered around him again. As usual, he taught them. Pharisees came to him, testing him by asking; "Is it lawful for a man to divorce his wife?" He answered; "What did Moses command?" They said; "Moses permitted writing a bill of divorcement to put her away." Jesus said to them; "For your harshness he wrote this commandment. But from the beginning of the creation, male and female made he them. For this cause shall a man leave his parents, and cleave to his wife. The two shall become one flesh so they are no more two but one. What Yahva has joined, let not man separate.

In the house, the disciples asked him again of this matter. He said; Anyone who divorces his wife to marry another, commits adultery. If she divorces her husband to marry another, she commits adultery.

They brought little children for him to touch. The disciples rebuked them, but when Jesus saw, he was indignant and said; "Permit the little children to come to me; do nor forbid them. To them belong the kingdom of Yahva. I say to you, anyone who does not receive the kingdom of Yahva as a little child does, shall never enter." He took them in his arms, and blessed them laying his hands upon them.

As he traveled, a man came to him and kneeled, asking; "Good Rabbi, what must I do to inherit eternal life?" Jesus replied; "Why do you call me good? No one is good except Yahva. You know the commandments: Do not kill. Do not commit adultery. Do not steal. Do not bear false witness. Do not defraud. Honor your parents." He said; "Rabbi, I have observed all these from my youth." Jesus looking on him, loved him and said; "One thing you lack; sell what you own and give to the poor. Then you shalt have treasure in heaven. Come, follow me." His countenance fell at this and he left sorrowful for he had great possessions.

Jesus looked around, saying to his disciples; "How difficult it is for the rich to enter the kingdom of Yahva!" The disciples were amazed at his words. But Jesus continued; "My children, how hard is it for the rich to enter the kingdom of Yahva! It is easier for a camel to go through a needle's eye." They were astonished, saying; "Who can be saved?" Jesus; looking on them, said; "With men it is impossible, but with Yahva all things are possible." Peter began to say; "We have left all to follow you." Jesus interrupted; "I say to you; Any man who has left house, brethren, sisters, mother, father, children, or land for me or for the gospel will receive a hundredfold in this time. He will receive, with persecutions; houses, brethren, sisters, mothers, children, and lands; and eternal life in the world to come. Many who are first will be last and the last first.

They were on the way to Jerusalem. Jesus was preceding them. They were amazed and afraid. He took the twelve aside and began to tell them what was to happen to him, saying; "We go to Jerusalem where the son of man will be delivered to the chief priests and scribes; and they will condemn him to death, and deliver him to the Gentiles. They will mock him, spit on him, scourge him, and kill him. After three days he will rise." James and John, the sons of Zebedee, approached him, saying; "Rabbi, we request that you do for us what we ask." He said;" What do you want me to do for you?" They said; "Grant us to sit by your side-right and left-in your glory." Jesus said; "You do not know what you ask. Are you able to drink the cup that I drink or be baptized with the baptism I receive?" They replied; "We are able." Jesus said; "You may drink from my cup and be baptized as I was baptized. But to sit on my right or left not mine to give. It is for the ones for whom it is prepared."

When the other ten heard, they became indignant about James and John. Jesus called them to him, saying; "You know the ones appointed to rule the Gentiles, oppress them and rulers exercise authority over them, but it is not so among you. Anyone who would become great among you, shall be your minister. Anyone who would be first among you, shall be servant of all. The son of man did not come to be served but to serve, and to give his life as ransom for many."

They passed through Jericho with his disciples and a large crowd. The son of Timaeus, Bareimaeus, a blind beggar, was sitting by the wayside. When he heard that it was Jesus, the Nazarene, he called, saying; "Jesus, son of David, have mercy on me." Many rebuked him to hold his peace but he cried louder; "Son of David, have mercy on me." Jesus stopped, and said; "Bring him." They called the blind man, saying; "Be happy: Arise, he calls you." Casting off his garment, he sprang up and came to Jesus. Jesus answered; "What do you want me to do for you?" The blind man replied; "Rabboni, I want my sight." Jesus said; "Go your way; your faith has healed you." He received his sight and followed Jesus.

As they approached Jerusalem, at Bethphage and Bethany, near the mount of Olives, he sent two disciples, saying; "Go into that village. As you enter, you will find a colt there tied that no one ridden. Release it and bring it to me. If anyone asks why you do this? say; 'The Lord needs it.' He will return it promptly." They found a colt tied in the street near a door. As they freed it, some men standing there asked; "Why are you taking the colt?" They answered as Jesus had said. The men let them go. They brought the colt to Jesus and placed their cloaks on it and he rode it. Many spread their garments on the road and others spread branches which they had cut from the pastures. Those who went ahead and those who followed, chanted:

Hosanna.

Blessed is he who comes in the name of Yahva.

Blessed is the kingdom to come; the kingdom of David, our ancestor.

Hosanna in the highest.

He entered Jerusalem, even into the temple where he observed everything. As it was near sunset, he went to Bethany with the twelve. The next morning, as they were leaving Bethany, he was hungry. Seeing a leafy fig tree far away, he came to seek fruit he found nothing but leaves for it was not the season for ripe figs. He said; "Let no one eat your fruit forever." His disciples heard it.

They entered Jerusalem and he entered the temple and began to cast out the merchants who sold and bought in the temple. He overthrew the tables of the money changers and the seats of the dove sellers. He would not permit anyone to carry a vessel through the temple. He taught; "Is it not written; 'My house will be a house of prayer for all nations?' but you have made it a den of robbers." The chief priests and the scribes heard it and planned how they might destroy him for they feared him. All the multitude was astonished by his teaching. Every evening he left the city.

As they passed by in the morning, they saw the fig tree withered from the roots. Peter remembered and said; "Rabbi, the fig tree you cursed is withered." Jesus answered said; "Have faith in Yahva. I say to you: Whoever says to this mountain; 'Be taken and cast into the sea;' shall not doubt in his being, but will believe that he said command will occur." I say to you; "Everything you pray and ask for, believe that you will receive and you shall have them."

When you stand praying, forgive, if you have anything against anyone so that your father who is in heaven, may forgive your trespasses. If you do not forgive, neither will your father forgive your trespasses."

They returned to Jerusalem. As he walked in the temple, the chief priests, scribes, and elders came to him, asking; "By what authority do you say these things? Who gave you authority to do these things?" Jesus replied; "I ask you one question. Answer me and I will tell you by what authority I do these things. 'The baptism of John; was it from heaven or from men?' Answer me." They discussed among themselves, saying; "If we say, 'From heaven;' He will say, 'Why then did you not believe him?' If we say, 'From men'"-they feared the people for everyone believed John to be a prophet. They answered Jesus, saying; "We do not know." Jesus replied; Neither will I you tell by what authority I do these things."

He began to speak to them in parables: "A man planted a vineyard, set a hedge about it, dug a pit for the winepress, and built a tower, then rented it to cultivators and went to another country. At the proper season, he sent a servant to collect the fruits of the vineyard from the cultivators. They beat him and drove him away empty. Again he sent another servant whom him they wounded in the head and treated shamefully. He sent yet another whom they killed. Many others were sent; some beat, some killed. He had a beloved son whom he finally sent to them, thinking; 'They will surely revere my son.' But the cultivators plotted, "This is the heir; let's kill him and the vineyard will be ours." They killed him, and threw him out of the vineyard. What will the lord of the vineyard do? He will destroy the cultivators and give the vineyard to others. Have you not even read this scripture? The stone which the builders rejected was made the keystone. This was from Yahva: It is marvelous to us."

The priests wanted to capture him but they feared the crowd who understood that he spoke the parable against them. They left him and went away. They sent some Pharisees and Herodians to trap him in what he said. When they came, they said; "Rabbi, we know that you are sincere and defer to no one; for you are not partial to anyone but to the truth that leads to Yahva. Is it lawful to give tribute to Caesar? Shall we give or not?" But knowing their hypocrisy, he replied; "Why do you try of me? Bring me a denarius so I may see it." They brought it and he asked; "Whose image and name is on it?" They answered; "Caesar's." Jesus said; "Give to Caesar things that are Caesar's, and to Yahva the things that are Yahva's." They marveled at him.

The Sadducees, who say that there is no resurrection, came to him, asking; "Rabbi, Moses wrote to us; 'If a man's brother die and leaves a wife but no child, his brother should take his wife, and raise descendants to his brother.' There were seven brothers. The first took a wife, and dying left no descendant; the second took her, and died, leaving no one; the third likewise: and the seven left no descendant. Last of all the woman also died. In resurrection whose wife will she be? All seven had her as wife." Jesus said; "You do not err for this reason. You do not know the scriptures nor the power of God? When they rise from the dead, they neither marry nor are given in marriage but are like angels in heaven. But concerning the dead, that they are raised; have you not read in the book of Moses, in the place concerning the bush, how God spoke to him, saying; 'I am the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob?' He is not the God of the dead, but of the living: You greatly err."

One of the scribes heard them questioning, and knowing that he had answered well, asked him; "What commandment is the first of all?" Jesus answered; The first is, Hear, O Israel: Yahva is one: Love Yahva, your God, with all your being, spirit, mind, and strength. The second is; 'Love your neighbor as yourself.' There is no commandment greater than these." The scribe said; "Truly, Rabbi, you have well said that he is one. There is none other except him. To love him with all the essence, understanding, and strength; and to love his neighbor as himself, is much more than all offerings and sacrifices." When Jesus saw that he answered discreetly, he said to him; "You are not far from the kingdom of Yahva." After that no man dared ask him any question.

Jesus said, as he taught in the temple; "How do the scribes say that the Christ is the son of David? Possessed with the holy spirit David said; 'Yahva said to my Lord; Sit on my right. I will make a footstool of your enemies.'" David himself called him 'Lord.' H0w is he his son? The common people heard him gladly.

In his teaching he said; "Beware of the scribes who desire to walk in long robes, to have salutations in the marketplaces, chief seats in the synagogues, and chief places at feasts. They devour widows' houses, and for a pretence make long prayers: These will receive greater condemnation." He sat next to the treasury and saw how the crowd put money into the treasury. Many rich put in much. A poor widow she put in only two small coins (worth less than a penny). He called his disciples, saying; Truly, this poor widow put in more than all the rich. They all put in from their surplus, but she put in from what she needed to live.

As he left the temple, one of his disciples said; "Rabbi, look at the quality of stones and buildings!" Jesus said; "Do you revere these great buildings? Not one stone will be left on another. All will be thrown down." As he sat on the mount of Olives across from the temple, Peter, James, John, and Andrew asked him privately; "Tell us, when will these things occur? What will be the sign when these things approach?" Jesus began to say; "Do not let anyone lead you astray. Many will come in my name, saying; 'I am he;' and lead many astray. When you hear of wars and rumors of wars, do not be troubled. These must occur but the end is not yet. Nation will rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom. There will be earthquakes in diverse places and famines. These are the beginning of travail.

Take heed; they will deliver you to tribunals. You will be beaten in synagogues. You will be tried before governors and kings for my sake, for a testimony to them. The gospel must first be preached to all nations. When they lead you to judgment and deliver you to punishment, do not be anxious about what you will say. Speak what is given you in that hour. It is not you who speaks, but the essence of Yahva. Brother shall deliver brother to death, the father his child; and children shall rise against parents causing their death. You will be hated by all men for my sake but he who endures to the end will be saved.

When you see the desolating abomination standing where it should not (let the reader understand), let them in Judaea flee to the mountains. Let anyone on the roof not go down nor enter to take anything from his house. Let anyone in the pasture not return for his cloak. Woe to pregnant and nursing women in those days! Pray that it is not in the winter. Those days will be tribulation such as has never been seen since the creation by Yahva and never will be again. Unless Yahva shortens the days of tribulation, no living being will be saved. But for the chosen, he will shorten the days. Then, if any man says to you; 'Look, the Christ is here or there;' do not believe it. False Christs and prophets will arise, showing signs and wonders to lead the elect astray, if possible. But be diligent, I have already told you all things.

In those days after tribulation, the sun and moon will not give light. The stars will fall from the sky. The powers in heaven will be shaken. The son of man will be seen coming in clouds with great power and glory. He will send angels to collect his elect from all nations, from the lowest pit earth to the highest point of heaven.

From the fig tree learn this parable; When the branch becomes tender and sprouts leaves, summer is near. Likewise, when you see these things occur, you know that he is near, maybe at the door. I say to you; 'This generation will not cease until all these things occur. Sky and earth may end, but my words will not die. No one knows the day or hour, not even the angels in heaven, nor the son, only the father.' Take heed; watch and pray: You do not know the time. It is like a man living in another country after leaving home, and giving authority to his servants, each to do his work, commanded also the porter to watch. Watch: for you do not know when the lord of the house returns; at sunset, midnight, or morning; unless coming suddenly, he finds you sleeping. I say to you; I say to everyone; Watch."

It was two days before the feast of passover and unleavened bread. The chief priests and scribes sought how to take him with subtlety and kill him. They said; "Not during the feast, that would probably cause a riot of the people."

While he was in Bethany, in the house of Simon the leper, as he ate, a woman came with an alabaster vase of ointment of pure nard-very costly. She opened the vase and poured it over his head. Some were indignant, saying among themselves; "Why is this ointment being wasted? This ointment could have been sold for over three hundred denarii and the money given to the poor." They murmured against her. Jesus said; "Leave her alone. Why do you trouble her? She has treated me well. You will always have the poor with you; when you want you can do them good. You will not always have me. She has done what she wanted by anointing my body before burial." Truly, I say; "Where the gospel is preached throughout the world, what this woman has done will be revered as a memorial of her."

One of the twelve, Judas Iscariot, went to the chief priests to deliver Jesus to them. They were pleased when they heard and promised him money. He planned how to conveniently betray him.

On the first day of unleavened bread festival (when they sacrificed the passover) his disciples asked; "Where will we prepare a place for you to celebrate passover?" He sent two disciples, saying; "Go to the city where you will meet you a man bearing a pitcher of water: Follow him. Wherever he enters, say to the master of the house; 'The Rabbi wishes your guest chamber to celebrate passover with his disciples?' He will show you a large upper room, furnished and ready. Prepare a place for us there." The disciples went into the city and found as he had said. They prepared for passover.

In the evening, he came with the twelve. As they ate, Jesus said; "One of you who eats with me will betray me." They were despondent, each saying; "Can he mean me?" He said; "It is a disciple, one who eats with me from the platter. The son of man dies, even as written. Woe to the one who betrays the son of man! It would be better if he had never been born. As they ate, he blessed and broke the bread, then gave to them, saying; "This symbolizes my body." He gave wine, which they drank, as he gave thanks. He said; "This symbolizes my blood for the covenant which is given to many. I shall not drink wine, until I drink it new in the Yahva's kingdom."

After singing a hymn, they went to the mount of Olives where Jesus said; "You will reject me as it is written; 'I will destroy the shepherd and the sheep will be scattered;' but, after I am raised, I will precede you to Galilee." Peter said; "Although all others may reject you, I will not." Jesus said; "I say that today, even this night before the cock crows twice, you will reject me three times." Peter spoke vehemently; "Even If I must die with you, I will never reject you." The disciples said the same.

They came to Gethsemane where he said to his disciples; "Wait here while I pray." He took Peter, James and John with him. Jesus became disturbed and said to them; "I am very sad as if I were dying: Wait here and watch with me." He went a little way and knelt to the ground, praying; "Father, if it were possible, prevent this from happening to me. Father, all things are possible with you; remove this tribulation from me: But do as you ordain, not as I desire."

He returns to find them sleeping. He said; "Simon Peter, do you sleep? Could you not watch for one hour? Watch and pray, so that you are not tempted: The spirit indeed is willing, but the flesh is weak." Again he went and prayed the same words. When he returned again he found them sleeping, they were tired and did not know not what to answer. He prayed and returned a third time, saying; "Sleep on now in rest: The son of man is betrayed to the sinners. Arise, let us be going: the one who betrays me is here."

As he spoke, Judas, one of the twelve, approached with a mob. They were armed with swords and staves provided by the chief priests, scribes and elders. Judas had told them; "The one I kiss is Jesus; take him quickly and lead him away. Judas came to Jesus, saying; "Rabbi," and kissed him. They captured him but one of those with Jesus drew his sword and cut an ear off a servant of the high priest. Jesus asked; "Are you to take me, as you would a robber, with swords and staves? I was daily with you in the temple teaching and you did not take me. This is done to fulfill the scriptures." Jesus' followers all left him and fled. One young man followed him, wearing only a linen cloth about his body. The mob grabbed him but he released the linen cloth and fled naked.

They led Jesus to the high priest where he was examined by the chief priests, elders, and scribes. Peter followed him into the courtyard of the high priest. He was sitting with the officers, warming himself by the fire. The chief priests and the whole council sought witness against Jesus to put him to death but found none. Many gave false testimony against him which did not agreed with others. One gave false testimony against him, saying; "We heard him say; 'I will destroy this temple that is made with hands, and in three days I will build another made with hands.'" Their testimony never agreed. The high priest stood up in the midst asking Jesus; "Why do you not answer anything? What do these witness have against you?" But Jesus answered nothing. Again the high priest asked him; "Are you the Christ, the son of the Blessed?" Jesus said; "I am. You will see the son of man sitting at the right hand of Yahva and coming with the clouds of heaven." The high priest tore his clothes, saying; "What further evidence do we need? You have heard blasphemy. What do you think?" They all condemned him to be worthy of death. People began to abuse him: spit on him, cover his face, buffet him, say to him; "Prophesy." The officers received him with blows of their hands.

As Peter was in the courtyard, a maid of the high priest passed by and saw Peter warming himself. She looked at him and said; "You were with Jesus the Nazarene." He denied; I neither know nor understand what you say. He went to the porch and the cock crowed. The maid saw him and said to people standing around; "This is one of them." Once again he denied it. After a while again the mob asked Peter; "Are you are one of them? You are a Galilean." He began to curse and swear; "I do not know this man of whom you speak." Then for the second time a cock crowed. Peter remembered what that Jesus said to him; "Before the cock crows twice, you will deny me three times." So he wept.

The next morning, the chief priests with the elders and scribes, in consultation with the whole council, delivered Jesus to Pilate. Pilate asked him; "Are you the King of the Jews?" He answered; "You say." The chief priests accused him of many things. Pilate again asked him; "See how many things they accuse you of. Still you answer nothing?" But Jesus never answered anything, causing Pilate to marvel.

Pilate usually released one prisoner at the feast, the one the crowd asked of him. A man called Barabbas was captured and imprisoned with murderers who had revolted. The mob asked him to release one as he usually did. Pilate answered; "Do you want me to release Jesus, the 'King of the Jews?'" He saw that from envy, the chief priests arrested him. But the chief priests agitated the mob to demand the release Barabbas. Pilate again asked; "What should I do to the man you call the 'King of the Jews?'" They cried out; "Crucify him." Pilate asked them; "Why. What damage has he done?" But they cried out violently; "Crucify him." Pilate, wishing to satisfy the mob, released Barabbas and delivered Jesus to be scourged and crucified.

The Roman soldiers led him to the courtyard of the Praetorium. They assembled an entire maniple. They clothed him with royal purple and put a platted crown of thorns on him They saluted him; "Hail, King of the Jews!" They beat him with a reed, spat on him, and bowing their knees as if to worshipped him. When they had mocked him, they removed the purple, returning his garments. Then they lead him to the place for crucifixion. They compelled Simon of Cyrene, a farmer passing by, to carry the cross. He was the father of Alexander and Rufus.

They brought him to Golgotha, which is considered the place of a skull. They offered him wine mingled with myrrh, to relieve pain, but he did not accept it. They crucified him at about nine o'clock and cast dice to share his garments. Above his head his accusation was written; "THE KING OF THE JEWS." They crucified two robbers with him; one to his right, and one to his left.

People who passed by reviled him, shaking their heads and saying; "Ha! You would destroy the temple and rebuild it in three days, save yourself by coming down from the cross." Similarly, the chief priests and scribes mocked him among themselves; "He saved others? He cannot save himself. Let this Christ, the King of Israel, descend from the cross so that we may see and believe." The men crucified with him, reproached him.

From noon until 3 o'clock, darkness covered the entire land. Then Jesus cried with a loud voice; "Eloi, Eloi, lama sabachthani?" which means, "My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?" When some men heard this, they said; "See! He calls Elijah." One filled a sponge with vinegar, put it on a reed, and gave him to drink, saying; "Let us see whether Elijah comes to take him."

Jesus screamed and died. The veil of the temple was torn from top to bottom. When the centurion, who stood beside him, saw that he was dead, he said; "Truly this man was the son of a God." There were also women watching from a distance: among whom were Mary Magdalene, and Mary the mother of James the younger and Joses, and Salome. When he was in Galilee, they followed him and cared for him. Many other women also came with him to Jerusalem.

It was approaching the evening of the sabbath-sunset. Joseph of Arimathaea boldly asked for the body of Jesus. He was a reputable member of the Jewish council who awaited the coming of the messiah and the kingdom of God. Pilate was surprised that Jesus was already dead. Calling to the centurion, he asked if Jesus was dead. When he learned it, he granted the corpse to Joseph who took him d0wn, wound him in linen cloth, and laid him in a tomb which had been hewn out of rock. Then he rolled a stone against the door of the tomb. Mary Magdalene and Mary the mother of Joses saw where he was laid.

When the sabbath was past, Mary Magdalene, Mary the mother of James, and Salome, bought spices, to anoint him.

Very early on the first day of the week, they came to the tomb at sunrise. They discussed among themselves; "Who will remove the stone from the door of the tomb?" Looking up, they saw that the huge stone was rolled back. Entering the tomb, they were amazed to see a young man sitting on the right side, wearing a white robe. He said to them; "Do not be shocked. You seek Jesus, the Nazirite, who has been crucified: He is not here but is risen. There is the place they laid him! Go. Tell his disciples, especially Peter; "He precedes you to Galilee where you will see him, as he told you." They fled from the tomb; trembling and astonished. In fear, they said nothing to anyone.

When he rose early on the first day of the week, he appeared first to Mary Magdalene, from whom he had cast out seven demons. She told his disciples as they mourned. They disbelieved her when she said that he was alive. Later he was manifested in another form to two of them as they walked into the country. They told it to the rest but were not believed. Even later, he was manifested to the eleven as they ate. He upbraided them for their disbelief because they did not believe those who had seen him after he was risen.

He said, "Go to all the world, preaching the gospel to the whole creation. People who believe and are baptized will be saved; but disbelievers will be condemned. These signs shall accompany those who believe: In my name you can cast out demons, speak with new tongues, handle serpents, and recover if you drink any deadly thing. You can heal the sick by touch. Jesus, after he had spoken to them, was received into heaven. He sat at the right hand of Yahva. They traveled and preached everywhere with Yahva working with them, thus confirming the word by the miracles that followed.



© Copyright 2015-2016 D E Pauley